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Socio-Economic Determinants of Health in Croatia: Insights from Four Cross-Sectional Surveys

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Author Info

  • Ivan Cipin

    ()
    (University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business, Croatia)

  • Sime Smolic

    ()
    (University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business, Croatia)

Abstract

The World Health Organization (WHO) sees health as a resource for everyday life, a fundamental human right and, especially important for economists and social scientists, an essential component of the economic and social development of every modern society. Health determinants which could lead to better health outcomes can arise from both the social and economic side. The main goal of this paper is to exploit several cross-sectional socio-economic data sets available in Croatia to examine the extent to which individual health is related to certain demographic and economic determinants. In explaining health determinants, self-assessed health (SAH) was used as a measure of health on the individual level, and the proportional odds model was applied for the ordinal outcome variable. Controlling for age and other socio-demographic characteristics, education was seen as the single most important determinant of better health. Poor health on the individual level is probably highly correlated with low education and lowest income levels. Public policy-makers should be aware that measures targeted at vulnerable population subgroups might be effective at improving health in the population. However, the identification of a causal relationship between health outcome and its determinants is of crucial importance in the design of future policies.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by The Institute of Economics, Zagreb in its journal Croatian Economic Survey.

Volume (Year): 15 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
Pages: 25-60

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Handle: RePEc:iez:survey:ces-v15_04-2013_cipin-smolic

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Keywords: self-assessed health; age; gender; educational level; income; Croatia;

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  1. Steven Kennedy, 2003. "The Relationship between Education and Health in Australia and Canada," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 93, McMaster University.
  2. Humphries, Karin H. & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 2000. "Income-related health inequality in Canada," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 663-671, March.
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  9. Giatti, Luana & Barreto, Sandhi M. & César, Cibele C., 2010. "Unemployment and self-rated health: Neighborhood influence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 71(4), pages 815-823, August.
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  11. Jusot, Florence & Kunst, Anton E. & Leinsalu, Mall & Menvielle, Gwenn & Schaap, Maartje M. & Roskam, Albert-Jan R. & Stirbu, Irina & Mackenbach, Johan P., 2008. "Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health in 22 European Countries," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10510, Paris Dauphine University.
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  13. Leinsalu, Mall, 2002. "Social variation in self-rated health in Estonia: a cross-sectional study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 55(5), pages 847-861, September.
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