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A primer and assessment of social security reform in Mexico

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  • Marco A. Espinosa-Vega
  • Tapen Sinha

Abstract

Recent projections of a number of countries with pay-as-you-go pension systems have shown significant future actuarial imbalances. As a consequence, several of these countries, including Mexico, are engaged in redesigning their pension systems. ; From the U.S. perspective, Mexico's reform is of particular interest because of the similarities of its program to some proposals for the U.S. system. The Mexican government claims that it has started a move to a fully funded system. As proof, it points out that since 1997 Mexico has adopted a privately managed defined-contribution system. However, a pension system can be privately administered without being fully funded. It is the adoption of a fully funded system that would have the most significant macroeconomic effects in an economy: an increase in domestic savings and a drop in interest rates. ; The authors of this article contend that after reviewing the new system, one cannot tell whether the government is switching to a fully funded system. They review some potential gains and losses of the change in style of the system. However, they argue that regardless of whether the reform is a change of style or substance, additional information is required to effectively assess its net gains. They conclude that Mexico is in dire need of further research to guide it through its decision of whether and how to switch to a fully funded pension system.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta in its journal Economic Review.

Volume (Year): (2000)
Issue (Month): Q1 ()
Pages: 1-23

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedaer:y:2000:i:q1:p:1-23:n:v.85no.1

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Keywords: Social security ; Mexico;

References

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  1. Marco A. Espinosa-Vega & Steven Russell, 1999. "Fully funded social security: Now you see it, now you don't?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q4, pages 16-25.
  2. repec:cup:macdyn:v:1:y:1997:i:1:p:7-44 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Olivia S. Mitchell, 1998. "Administrative Costs in Public and Private Retirement Systems," NBER Chapters, in: Privatizing Social Security, pages 403-456 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. HUANG, HE & IMROHOROG[caron]LU, SELAHATTIN & SARGENT, THOMAS J., 1997. "Two Computations To Fund Social Security," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(01), pages 7-44, January.
  5. Feldstein, Martin & Liebman, Jeffrey B., 2002. "Social security," Handbook of Public Economics, in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 32, pages 2245-2324 Elsevier.
  6. Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1996. "Privatization of Social Security: How It Works and Why It Matters," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 10, pages 1-32 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Carlos Sales-Sarrapy & Fernando Solis-Soberon & Alejandro Villagomez-Amezcua, 1998. "Pension System Reform: The Mexican Case," NBER Chapters, in: Privatizing Social Security, pages 135-175 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. von Gersdorff, Hermann, 1997. "Pension reform in Bolivia : innovative solutions to common problems," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1832, The World Bank.
  9. Feldstein, Martin S, 1974. "Social Security, Induced Retirement, and Aggregate Capital Accumulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(5), pages 905-26, Sept./Oct.
  10. Imrohoroglu, Ayse & Imrohoroglu, Selahattin & Joines, Douglas H, 1995. "A Life Cycle Analysis of Social Security," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 83-114, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Willmore, Larry, 2014. "Old age pensions in Mexico: Toward universal coverage," MPRA Paper 53155, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Andrew Swiston & Ales Bulir, 2006. "What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?," IMF Working Papers 06/191, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Ramon Moreno & Marjorie Santos, 2008. "Pension systems in EMEs: implications for capital flows and financial markets," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Financial globalisation and emerging market capital flows, volume 44, pages 45-69 Bank for International Settlements.
  4. World Bank, 2005. "Income Generation and Social Protection for the Poor," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8815, The World Bank.
  5. Martínez Preece Marissa R. & Venegas Martínez Francisco, 2014. "Análisis del riesgo de mercado de los fondos de pensión en México Un enfoque con modelos autorregresivos," Contaduría y Administración:Revista Internacional, Accounting and Management: International Journal, vol. 59(3), pages 165-195, julio-sep.

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