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Sourcing Patterns of FDI Activity and Their Impact on the Domestic Economy

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    Abstract

    In this paper, we describe sourcing patterns of FDI activity and test empirically whether their impact on the host economy is such as predicted by theoretical models. In the analysis, we focus on inter-industry interactions between a multinational enterprise (MNE) which enters the domestic market and other firms in the economy within the broader context of international trade flows. Our main purpose is to determine whether FDI inflow indeed boosts demand for intermediate goods, and whether the MNE uses domestic suppliers of intermediate goods or whether it purchases its supplies from abroad or from other MNEs entering the downstream sector. Our analysis covers the time period 2001–2007 and concerns both Western and Eastern European countries. Using an unbalanced panel of industries in these countries and the given time period, we come to the conclusion that even though FDI represents a positive shock to demand for intermediate goods, in countries of Eastern Europe this shock is better exploited by MNEs in the upstream sector and foreign importing firms than by domestic producers.

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    File URL: http://journal.fsv.cuni.cz/storage/1277_288-302---nikolovova.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences in its journal Finance a uver - Czech Journal of Economics and Finance.

    Volume (Year): 63 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 288-302

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    Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:63:y:2013:i:3:p:288-302

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    Related research

    Keywords: FDI; intermediate goods; sourcing;

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    1. Havranek, Tomas & Irsova, Zuzana, 2011. "Estimating vertical spillovers from FDI: Why results vary and what the true effect is," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 234-244.
    2. Frensch, Richard & Gaucaite Wittich, Vitalija, 2009. "Product variety and technical change," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 242-257, March.
    3. Hanousek, Jan & Kocenda, Evzen & Maurel, Mathilde, 2011. "Direct and indirect effects of FDI in emerging European markets: A survey and meta-analysis," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 301-322, September.
    4. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
    5. Gorg, Holger & Strobl, Eric, 2001. "Multinational Companies and Productivity Spillovers: A Meta-analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(475), pages F723-39, November.
    6. Beata Smarzynska Javorcik, 2004. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Increase the Productivity of Domestic Firms? In Search of Spillovers Through Backward Linkages," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 605-627, June.
    7. Klaus E Meyer & Evis Sinani, 2009. "When and where does foreign direct investment generate positive spillovers? A meta-analysis," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(7), pages 1075-1094, September.
    8. Molly Lesher & Sébastien Miroudot, 2008. "FDI Spillovers and their Interrelationships with Trade," OECD Trade Policy Papers 80, OECD Publishing.
    9. Tomas Havranek & Zuzana Irsova, 2011. "Determinants of Horizontal Spillovers from FDI: Evidence from a Large Meta-Analysis," Working Papers 2011/07, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    10. Klaus E Meyer, 2004. "Perspectives on multinational enterprises in emerging economies," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 35(4), pages 259-276, July.
    11. Theodore H. Moran & Edward M. Graham & Magnus Blomstrom, 2005. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Development?," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 3810.
    12. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1986. "The Multinational Firm," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(4), pages 805-33, November.
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