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Humanistic leadership: Lessons from Latin America

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  • Davila, Anabella
  • Elvira, Marta M.
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    Abstract

    We review the psychological, sociological and historical explanations underlying leadership styles in Latin America. A fundamentally paternalistic style relies on social bonds based on reciprocity and stresses workers’ expectations. Transformations in leadership styles in Latin America require consideration of alternative theoretical approaches such as stakeholder management and cultural hybridism, beyond cross-cultural frameworks. Viewing employees as key stakeholders implies a legitimate concern for workers beyond the employment relationship. From a hybridism perspective, diversity is a critical concept that applies to organizational ownership arrangements, management practices, cultural backgrounds, and socio economic contextual changes surrounding leadership styles.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090951612000090
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of World Business.

    Volume (Year): 47 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 548-554

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:47:y:2012:i:4:p:548-554

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    Related research

    Keywords: Stakeholder leadership; Paternalism; Cultural hybridism; Latin America; Diversity;

    References

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    1. Thomas Maak & Nicola M. Pless, 2006. "Responsible Leadership in a Stakeholder Society – A Relational Perspective," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 66(1), pages 99-115, June.
    2. Michael Pirson & Paul Lawrence, 2010. "Humanism in Business – Towards a Paradigm Shift?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 93(4), pages 553-565, June.
    3. Alston, Lee J. & Mattiace, Shannan & Nonnenmacher, Tomas, 2009. "Coercion, Culture, and Contracts: Labor and Debt on Henequen Haciendas in Yucatán, Mexico, 1870–1915," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 69(01), pages 104-137, March.
    4. T Lenartowicz & J P Johnson, 2003. "A cross-national assessment of the values of Latin America managers: contrasting hues or shades of gray?," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(3), pages 266-281, May.
    5. Howell, Jon P. & DelaCerda, José & Martínez, Sandra M. & Prieto, Leonel & Bautista, J. Arnoldo & Ortiz, Juan & Dorfman, Peter & Méndez, Maria J., 2007. "Leadership and culture in Mexico," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 449-462, December.
    6. Olga Tregaskis & Chris Brewster, 2006. "Converging or diverging? A comparative analysis of trends in contingent employment practice in Europe over a decade," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(1), pages 111-126, January.
    7. J. Kaler, 2009. "An Optimally Viable Version of Stakeholder Theory," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 86(3), pages 297-312, May.
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