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A theory of entrenched socioeconomic deprivation and addiction to strong mind-altering substances

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Author Info

  • Levy, Amnon

Abstract

Consumption of strong mind-altering substances might stem from a drive for immediate relief of entrenched deprivation and might rise with the product of the user's discontent and physiological tolerance. If initially this product is sufficiently large, the user is trapped in a vicious circle that may converge to high, or low, status/addiction steady state. If the user is trapped in the high steady state, an increase in treatment is clearly desirable. In contrast, the possible improvement of the user's socioeconomic status from increasing law-enforcement or socioeconomic opportunities might be dominated by the adverse effect of addiction.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics).

Volume (Year): 37 (2008)
Issue (Month): 5 (October)
Pages: 1756-1767

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Handle: RePEc:eee:soceco:v:37:y:2008:i:5:p:1756-1767

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620175

Related research

Keywords: Deprivation Myopia Substance abuse Addiction;

References

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  1. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy, 1986. "A Theory of Rational Addiction," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 41, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  2. Gary S. Becker & Michael Grossman & Kevin M. Murphy, 1994. "An Empirical Analysis of Cigarette Addiction," NBER Working Papers 3322, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Grossman, Michael & Chaloupka, Frank J & Sirtalan, Ismail, 1998. "An Empirical Analysis of Alcohol Addiction: Results from the Monitoring the Future Panels," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(1), pages 39-48, January.
  4. Levy, Amnon & Neri, Frank, 2004. "Macroeconomic Aspects of Substance Abuse: Diffusion, Productivity and Optimal Control," Economics Working Papers wp04-22, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  5. Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1979. "Relative Deprivation and the Gini Coefficient," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 93(2), pages 321-24, May.
  6. Sen, Amartya, 1973. "On Economic Inequality," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198281931.
  7. Frank J. Chaloupka, 1991. "Rational Addictive Behavior and Cigarette Smoking," NBER Working Papers 3268, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Lacruz, Ana Isabel Gil & Lacruz, Marta Gil, 2010. "Does alcohol consumption reinforce mental problems in adolescence?," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 223-232, April.

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