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Should fiscal policy be different in a non-competitive framework?

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  • Gorostiaga, Arantza

Abstract

This paper aims to study if imperfections in the labor market justify a fiscal policy where public spending, labor income tax rates and debt are set to stabilize output. We present a dynamic general equilibrium model and solve for the optimal policy considering two different labor market setups. First we assume a competitive labor market and then we introduce a union with monopoly power in the labor market. Both models reach the same conclusion as regards the stabilization policy: it is not optimal to use the fiscal policy to stabilize. We also find that government spending should be larger when a competitive labor market is assumed. These main results arise both under complete and incomplete markets for the debt.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Monetary Economics.

Volume (Year): 50 (2003)
Issue (Month): 6 (September)
Pages: 1311-1331

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Handle: RePEc:eee:moneco:v:50:y:2003:i:6:p:1311-1331

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505566

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References

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  1. Albert Marcet & Andrew Scott, 2001. "Debt and deficit fluctuations and the structure of bond markets," Economics Working Papers 558, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jul 2003.
  2. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1999. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 6891, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Gorostiaga Alonso, Miren Arantzazu, 1999. "Should Fiscal Policy be different in a Non-Competitive Framework?," DFAEII Working Papers 2002-28, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  4. Zhu, Xiaodong, 1992. "Optimal fiscal policy in a stochastic growth model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 250-289, December.
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  17. Bernheim, B Douglas, 1991. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Some Recent Results," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 540-42, August.
  18. Marvin Goodfriend & Robert G. King, 1998. "The new neoclassical synthesis and the role of monetary policy," Working Paper 98-05, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
  19. Albert Marcet & Thomas J. Sargent & Juha Seppala, 1996. "Optimal taxation without state-contingent debt," Economics Working Papers 170, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Oct 2001.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gorostiaga Alonso, Miren Arantzazu & Rubio-Ramírez, Juan F., 2006. "Optimal Minimum Wage in a Competitive Economy: an Alternative Modelling Approach," DFAEII Working Papers 2004-07, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  2. Antonio Morales & Pablo Brañas Garza, 2003. "Computational Errors in Guessing Games1," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2003/11, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  3. Sunghyun H. Kim & Jinill Kim, 2004. "Welfare Effects of Tax Policy in Open Economies: Stabilization and Cooperation," Econometric Society 2004 Far Eastern Meetings 399, Econometric Society.
  4. Arantza Gorostiaga & Juan Francisco Rubio-Ramírez, 2004. "Optimal minimum wage in a competitive economy," Working Paper 2004-30, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  5. Sonedda, Daniela, 2006. "Macroeconomics effects of progressive taxation in a unionized economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 110-130, January.
  6. Gorostiaga Alonso, Miren Arantzazu & Cassou, Steven P., 2007. "Optimal fiscal policy in a multisector model with minimum expenditure requirements," DFAEII Working Papers 2007-01, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  7. Arantza Gorostiaga, 2004. "Optimal Fiscal Policy with Rationing in the Labor Market," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2004/10, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  8. Albert Marcet & Albert Scott, 2007. "Debt and Deficit Fluctuations and the Structure of Bond Markets," Working Papers 332, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  9. Gorostiaga Alonso, Miren Arantzazu, 1999. "Optimal Fiscal Policy with Rationing in the Labor Market," DFAEII Working Papers 2002-29, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  10. Cassou, Steven P. & Hamilton, Stephen F. & Gorostiaga Alonso, Miren Arantzazu & Gutiérrez Huerta, María José, 2006. "Second-best tax policy in a growing economy with externalities," DFAEII Working Papers 2006-03, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.

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