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Methodological comparison between DEA (data envelopment analysis) and DEA-DA (discriminant analysis) from the perspective of bankruptcy assessment

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  • Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki
  • Goto, Mika
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    Abstract

    This study compares DEA (data envelopment analysis) with DEA-DA (discriminant analysis) in terms of bankruptcy assessment. Recently, many DEA researchers propose a use of DEA as a quick-and-easy tool to assess corporate bankruptcy. Meanwhile, other DEA researchers discuss a use of DEA-DA for bankruptcy-based financial analysis. The two groups are very different from the conventional use of DEA because we have long applied DEA to the measurement of operational performance, or productivity analysis. The two research groups open up a new application area (bankruptcy-based financial assessment) for DEA. This study discusses methodological strengths and weaknesses of DEA and DEA-DA from the perspective of corporate failure. The proposed comparative analysis has the three main criteria: (a) how to handle negative data in financial variables, (b) how to handle data imbalance between default and non-default firms, and (c) how to identify a failure process over time. This study finds that DEA is a managerial tool for the initial assessment of corporate failure and DEA is useful for busy corporate leaders and financial managers. In contrast, DEA-DA is useful for researchers and individuals who are interested in the detailed assessment of bankruptcy and its failure process in a time horizon.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Journal of Operational Research.

    Volume (Year): 199 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (December)
    Pages: 561-575

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:199:y:2009:i:2:p:561-575

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eor

    Related research

    Keywords: DEA Discriminant analysis Finance Bankruptcy;

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    Cited by:
    1. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2012. "Returns to Scale and Damages to Scale with Strong Complementary Slackness Conditions in DEA Assessment: Japanese Corporate Effort on Environment Protection," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1422-1434.
    2. du Jardin, Philippe & Séverin, Eric, 2012. "Forecasting financial failure using a Kohonen map: A comparative study to improve model stability over time," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 221(2), pages 378-396.
    3. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2012. "Efficiency-based rank assessment for electric power industry: A combined use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and DEA-Discriminant Analysis (DA)," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 634-644.
    4. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika & Shang, Jennifer, 2009. "Core business concentration vs. corporate diversification in the US electric utility industry: Synergy and deregulation effects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4583-4594, November.
    5. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika & Sugiyama, Manabu, 2013. "DEA window analysis for environmental assessment in a dynamic time shift: Performance assessment of U.S. coal-fired power plants," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 845-857.
    6. Yang, Chyan & Liu, Hsian-Ming, 2012. "Managerial efficiency in Taiwan bank branches: A network DEA," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 450-461.
    7. du Jardin, Philippe & Séverin, Eric, 2010. "Dynamic analysis of the business failure process: A study of bankruptcy trajectories," MPRA Paper 44379, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2013. "DEA environmental assessment in a time horizon: Malmquist index on fuel mix, electricity and CO2 of industrial nations," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 370-382.

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