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Institutions, governance and technology catch-up in North Africa

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  • Drine, Imed

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse the effects of institution quality on technology catch-up in five North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) compared to 3 groups of developing and emerging countries (Sub Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America) over the period 1970–2005. The study adopts a two-stage methodology. First, we estimate the technology gap using the metafrontier approach. Then we test the relationship between the technology gap and the quality of governance. The empirical results show that institutions (corruption, law and rules and investment climate) are very important in closing the technology gap and speeding up the technology catch-up. Other determinants of the technology gap are also identified: foreign direct investment, human capital and trade.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Economic Modelling.

Volume (Year): 29 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 2155-2162

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:29:y:2012:i:6:p:2155-2162

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/30411

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Keywords: Metafrontier; Technology gap; Catching-up; Efficiency; Stochastic frontier; Governance; North Africa;

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Cited by:
  1. Maurice CATIN & El Mouhoub MOUHOUD, 2013. "Introduction - Productivité Et Capital Humain Dans Les Pays Du Sud De La Méditerranée," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 37, pages 5-9.
  2. Hamilton, Alexander & Hudson, J R, 2014. "Bribery and Identification : Evidence from Sudan," Department of Economics Working Papers 39841, University of Bath, Department of Economics.
  3. Maurice CATIN & El Mouhoub MOUHOUD, 2012. "Inégalités Et Pauvreté Dans Les Pays Arabes : Introduction," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 35, pages 5-9.

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