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Test of the Bank Lending Channel: The Case of Australia

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  • Yu Hsing

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    (Southeastern Louisiana University)

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    Abstract

    Extending Bernanke and Blinder (1988, 1992), Kashyap and Stein (2000), Peek and Rosengren (2010) and others, this paper incorporates two additonal variables - the world interest rate and the exchange rate - into the bank loan supply function. The results show that the demand for bank loans is negatively affected by the lending rate and positively influenced by the interest rate on bonds and real GDP and that the supply of bank loans is positively associated with the lending rate, bank deposits and appreciation of the Australian dollar and negatively impacted by the world interest rate and the cost of borrowings as represented by the target cash rate. Therefore, the bank lending channel is confirmed. In monetary easing, the Reserve Bank of Australia can engage in open market operations to buy government bonds to increase bank deposits/reserves or lower the target cash rate to reduce the cost of borrowings. Both measures will cause the supply of bank loans to rise.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 2575-2582

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    Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-13-00613

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    Related research

    Keywords: Bank lending channel; monetary policy; exchange rates; world interest rates; 3SLS;

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    1. Ramey, Valerie, 1993. "How important is the credit channel in the transmission of monetary policy?," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 1-45, December.
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    4. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 27-48, Fall.
    5. Anil K. Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein & David W. Wilcox, 1991. "Monetary policy and credit conditions: evidence from the composition of external finance," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 154, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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    9. Jean Boivin & Michael T. Kiley & Frederic S. Mishkin, 2010. "How has the monetary transmission mechanism evolved over time?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2010-26, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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    12. Tomoya Suzuki, 2004. "Is the Lending Channel of Monetary Policy Dominant in Australia?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 80(249), pages 145-156, 06.
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    14. Matteo Iacoviello & Raoul Minetti, 2002. "The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy: Evidence from the Housing Market," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 541, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 29 Aug 2003.
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