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Real Economic Convergence in the EU Accession Countries

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  • Matkowski, Z.
  • Prochniak, M.

Abstract

The paper aims to assess the real economic convergence among eight CEE countries that accessed the EU, as well as their convergence with the EU. Two aspects of convergence are analysed: (a) income convergence as a tendency to close the income gap; (b) cyclical convergence as a tendency to the conformity of business cycles. Income convergence is analysed in terms of ? and ? coefficients using regression equations between GDP per capita levels and GDP growth rates. Cyclical convergence is analysed using industrial production indexes and industrial confidence indicators. The analysis covers the period 1993-2004. The main findings may be summarised as follows: 1) CEE countries converge between themselves and towards the EU as regards the income level; 2) CEE countries reveal a good cyclical synchronisation with the EU; cyclical conformity within the region is better seen when the group is split into three subgroups: (a) Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia, (b) Hungary and Poland, (c) the Baltic states. Both types of economic convergence are strongly affected by the dependence on the EU markets, including trade and capital flows.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies .

Volume (Year): 1 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 5-38

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:ijaeqs:v:1:y2004:i:1_13

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Related research

Keywords: Economic Convergence; Economic Growth; Business Cycles; Economic Integration;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Monasterolo, Irene & Benni, Federica, 2013. "Non parametric methods to assess the role of the CAP in regional convergence in Hungary," Studies in Agricultural Economics, Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, vol. 115(3), December.
  2. Iancu, Aurel, 2007. "The Question of Economic Convergence - first part -," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 4(3), pages 5-18, September.
  3. MIHUT Ioana Sorina & LUTAS Mihaela, 2013. "Teting Sigma Convergence Across New Eu Members," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 65(4), pages 121-131.
  4. EL-MEFLEH, Muhannad A. & SHOTAR, Manhal M., 2008. "A Contribution To The Analysis Of The Economic Growth Of Qatar," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 8(1), pages 147-154.
  5. Marta Gotz, 2010. "Problems of Economic Development in Reunified Germany. Retrospective Approach," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 4(2), June.
  6. Iancu, Aurel, 2007. "Economic Convergence. Applications - Second Part -," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 4(4), pages 24-48, December.
  7. KONYA, Laszlo & GUISAN, Maria-Carmen, 2008. "What Does The Human Development Index Tell Us About Convergence?," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 8(1), pages 19-40.

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