Twenty-Nine Women to 906 Men : Continuing Gender Inequality on the Boards of Germany's Top Companies
AbstractThe executive boards1 of Germany's 200 largest companies are still almost all male. In 2010, women occupied only 3.2% of all board seats. This negligible percentage is even lower in the top 100 and DAX30 companies, which are only 2.2% female, despite a voluntary commitment dating back to 2001, in which companies promised to give more women access to senior positions. A similar, although less extreme picture can be seen on the supervisory boards. On average, 10.6% of all supervisory board members in the top 200 companies were women; 30% of all supervisory boards examined in this study were 100% male. Most of the women (70%) were appointed as employee representatives under codetermination legislation. The massive underrepresentation of women on the boards of Germany's top businesses has remained virtually unchanged for years. Since the data show non-binding commitments to be ineffectual, companies will have to set clear targets and monitor them consistently to achieve a significant near-term increase in the proportion of women in senior management.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Weekly Report.
Volume (Year): 7 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
board diversity; women CEOs; gender equality; management;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
- L32 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Enterprises; Public-Private Enterprises
- M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Social Responsibility
- M51 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Personnel Economics - - - Firm Employment Decisions; Promotions
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- Busch, Anne & Holst, Elke, 2012.
"Occupational Sex Segregation and Management-Level Wages in Germany: What Role Does Firm Size Play?,"
IZA Discussion Papers
6568, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Anne Busch & Elke Holst, 2012. "Occupational Sex Segregation and Management-Level Wages in Germany: What Role Does Firm Size Play?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 444, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
- Anne Busch & Elke Holst, 2012. "Occupational Sex Segregation and Management-Level Wages in Germany: What Role Does Firm Size Play?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1206, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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