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Mortality in Central and Eastern Europe


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  • FFF1France NNN1Meslé

    (Institut national d´études démographiques (INED))


While, during several decades, unfavourable trends in mortality were quite similar in Central Europe and in the former USSR, in the most recent years, these two parts of Europe are diverging. In most Central European countries, life expectancy is now increasing mainly thanks to a decline in cardiovascular mortality. Conversely, cardiovascular mortality is still increasing in Russia and Ukraine and its negative impact is reinforced by a worsening of violent deaths and infectious mortality. The situation of Baltic countries is still uncertain but it is not impossible that these countries soon resume with sustainable progress in life expectancy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research Special Collections.

Volume (Year): 2 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
Pages: 45-70

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Handle: RePEc:dem:drspec:v:2:y:2004:i:3

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Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; cause of death; Central Europe; former USSR; life expectancy; violence;

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  1. France Meslé & Jacques Vallin, 2002. "Mortality in Europe: the Divergence Between East and West," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(1), pages 157-197.
  2. France Meslé, 1991. "La mortalité dans les pays d'Europe de l'Est," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 46(3), pages 599-649.
  3. Eduardo Arriaga, 1984. "Measuring and explaining the change in life expectancies," Demography, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 83-96, February.
  4. Roland Pressat, 1985. "Contribution des écarts de mortalité par âge à la différence des vies moyennes," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 40(04-mai), pages 766-770.
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Cited by:
  1. Géraldine Duthé & Irina Badurashvili & Karine Kuyumjyan & France Meslé & Jacques Vallin, 2010. "Mortality in the Caucasus," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 22(23), pages 691-732, April.
  2. Laura Staetsky, 2009. "Diverging trends in female old-age mortality: A reappraisal," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 21(30), pages 885-914, December.
  3. Tragaki, Alexandra, 2007. "Demography and Migration as Human Security Factors: the Case of South Eastern Europe," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 4(2), pages 103-118, October.
  4. Nataliia Levchuk, 2009. "Alcohol and mortality in Ukraine," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2009-017, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  5. Adriana Castelli & Olena Nizalova, 2011. "Avoidable mortality: what it means and how it is measured," Working Papers 063cherp, Centre for Health Economics, University of York.


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