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Earnings by Language Group in Quebec in 1980 and Emigration from Quebec between 1976 and 1981

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  • Gilles Grenier

Abstract

Between 1976 and 1981, many people moved out of Quebec, especially among the Anglophones. To the extent that a person's decision to st ay or to move may be related to earnings prospects, earnings comparis ons with individuals who lived in Quebec in 1981 may suffer from a se lection bias. This paper analyzes emigration from Quebec and earnings with a two-equation model, using a sample of men drawn from the 1981 census. It is found that a selection bias is indeed present for Angl ophones and that the returns to learning French may be underestimated when that bias is ignored.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 20 (1987)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 774-91

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Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:20:y:1987:i:4:p:774-91

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Postal: Canadian Economics Association Prof. Steven Ambler, Secretary-Treasurer c/o Olivier Lebert, CEA/CJE/CPP Office C.P. 35006, 1221 Fleury Est Montréal, Québec, Canada H2C 3K4
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Cited by:
  1. Louis N. Christofides & Robert Swidinsky, 2010. "The Economic Returns to the Knowledge and Use of a Second Official Language: English in Quebec and French in the Rest-of-Canada," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics 04-2010, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.
  2. Saarela, Jan & Finnas, Fjalar, 2006. "Can the low unemployment rate of Swedish speakers in Finland be attributed to structural factors?," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 498-513, June.
  3. Christofides, Louis N. & Swidinsky, Robert, 2008. "The Economic Returns to a Second Official Language: English in Quebec and French in the Rest-of-Canada," IZA Discussion Papers 3551, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Chiswick, Barry R. & Miller, Paul W., 2014. "International Migration and the Economics of Language," IZA Discussion Papers 7880, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Chiswick, Barry R., 2008. "The Economics of Language: An Introduction and Overview," IZA Discussion Papers 3568, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Weiguo Zhang & Gilles Grenier, 2012. "How can Language be linked to Economics? A Survey of Two Strands of Research," Working Papers 1206E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  7. Barry Chiswick & Paul Miller, 2001. "A model of destination-language acquisition: Application to male immigrants in Canada," Demography, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 391-409, August.

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