The Distributive Impact of Vietnam's Accession to the WTO
AbstractVietnam joined the World Trade Organization in January 2007. The fast economic growth observed for the last decades has resulted in a strong reduction of poverty and increasing inequalities. This paper evaluates the potential distributive impact of the WTO accession using a macro-micro model. The latter couples a CGE model, including imperfect labour markets, with an accounting micro-simulation model. We do not limit ourselves to the tariff impact. We also evaluate the impact of improved market access and of increased foreign direct investment. Our simulations show that WTO accession will have mainly four types of distributional effects: job gains, especially in the manufacturing sector; growth in real wages, especially for unskilled workers; reduction of poverty; and increase in inequalities between rural and urban areas.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by CEPII research center in its journal Economie Internationale.
Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): 118 ()
International trade; WTO; labour; inequalities; Vietnam;
Other versions of this item:
- Cling, Jean-Pierre & Marouani, Mohamed Ali & Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie & Roubaud, François, 2009. "The distributive impact of Vietnam’s accession to the WTO," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4321, Paris Dauphine University.
- C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
- F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
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- Jean-Pierre Cling & Mireille Razafindrakoto & Francois Roubaud, 2010.
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05, Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam.
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Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine
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- Huu Chi Nguyen & Christophe J. Nordman & François Roubaud, 2013. "Who Suffers the Penalty?: A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(12), pages 1694-1710, December.
- Nordman, Christophe J. & Nguyen, Huu Chi & Roubaud, François, 2011. "Who Suffers the Penalty? A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 60, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
- Huu Chi Nguyen & Christophe Nordman & François Roubaud, 2011. "Who Suffers the Penalty? A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," Working Papers DT/2011/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
- Nguyen, Huu Chi & Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Roubaud, François, 2013. "Who Suffers the Penalty? A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," IZA Discussion Papers 7149, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2009. "Vulnérabilité au travail," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10805, Paris Dauphine University.
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