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Patente als Sicherheiten bei der Kreditvergabe

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  • Hans Schedl
  • Guido von Scheffer
  • Dirk Loop
  • Holger Himmel
  • Sven Mussler
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    Abstract

    Im November letzten Jahres veranstaltete das Europäische Patentamt einen Workshop zu den Veränderungen, die sich aus der Einführung von Vorschlägen zur Neufassung der Baseler Eigenkapitalvereinbarung von 1988 ergeben, die darauf zielen, die Kapitalanforderungen an Banken stärker als bisher vom ökonomischen Risiko abhängig zu machen. Diese Neuregelung sieht bei der Bestimmung der Eigenkapitalquote eine Reihe von Ansätzen zur Messung des Kreditrisikos und des operationellen Risikos vor und eröffnet gleichzeitig die Möglichkeit der Einbeziehung weiterer, bisher nicht berücksichtigter Sicherheiten, zu denen auch Patente gehören können, sofern ihre wirtschaftliche Bedeutung belegt werden kann. Dies bietet technologieorientierten, kleineren Firmen Möglichkeiten, ihre Kreditbedingungen zu verbessern. In zwei hier dokumentierten Vorträgen stellen Guido von Scheffer und Dirk Loop, IP Bewertungs AG, Hamburg, und Dr. Holger Himmel und Sven Mussler, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Frankfurt am Main, verschiedene Alternativen der Patentbewertung zur Absicherung von Kreditrisiken vor.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

    Volume (Year): 58 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 07 (04)
    Pages: 21-31

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    Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:58:y:2005:i:07:p:21-31

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    Related research

    Keywords: Patent; Kreditgeschäft; Eigenkapital; Kreditrisiko; Finanzierung; Bewertung; Immaterielles Anlagevermögen;

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    1. Harhoff, Dietmar & Scherer, Frederic M. & Vopel, Katrin, 2003. "Citations, family size, opposition and the value of patent rights," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1343-1363, September.
    2. Albert, M. B. & Avery, D. & Narin, F. & McAllister, P., 1991. "Direct validation of citation counts as indicators of industrially important patents," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 251-259, June.
    3. Bronwyn H. Hall & Adam Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg, 2002. "Market Value and Patent Citations: A First Look," Development and Comp Systems 0201001, EconWPA.
    4. Narin, Francis & Noma, Elliot & Perry, Ross, 1987. "Patents as indicators of corporate technological strength," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 143-155, August.
    5. Dietmar Harhoff & Frederic M. Scherer & Katrin Vopel, 1997. "Exploring the Tail of Patented Invention Value Distributions," CIG Working Papers FS IV 97-27, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
    6. Jean O. Lanjouw & Mark Schankerman, 1999. "The Quality of Ideas: Measuring Innovation with Multiple Indicators," NBER Working Papers 7345, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. William D. Nordhaus, 1967. "The Optimal Life of a Patent," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 241, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
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