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Spezialisierung oder Diversifikation – was trägt stärker zum sektoralen Wachstum bei?

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Author Info

  • Jan Kluge

    ()

  • Robert Lehmann

    ()

Abstract

Sektorale Spezialisierung wird in Deutschland häufig als eine sinnvolle Option zur Stärkung regionalen Wachstums angesehen: Während viele Städte (z. B. Wolfsburg, Frankfurt am Main) bereits durch starke Konzentration gekennzeichnet sind, versuchen auch andere Regionen solche Zentren zu etablieren. Es wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob Firmen tatsächlich die Nähe anderer Firmen der eigenen Branche suchen sollten, oder ob stattdessen die Nähe zu branchenfremden Unternehmen zu Wachstum führt. Mit Hilfe von empirischen Methoden wird untersucht, inwiefern die Effekte von sektoraler Spezialisierung bzw. Diversifikation vom stadtspezifischen Spezialisierungs- bzw. Diversifikationsgrad abhängen. Sowohl im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe als auch bei höherwertigen Dienstleistungen stellt sich Spezialisierung tatsächlich als förderlich heraus. Dabei gilt: Je stärker eine Stadt spezialisiert ist, desto größer sind die positiven Effekte aus weiterer Spezialisierung. Diversifikation spielt für diese beiden Sektoren eine eher untergeordnete Rolle.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/ZS/ZS-ifo_Dresden_berichtet/zs-drber-2012/zs-drber-2012-2/ifodb_2012_2_19_25.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Dresden berichtet.

Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
Issue (Month): 02 (04)
Pages: 19-25

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:19:y:2012:i:02:p:19-25

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Related research

Keywords: Wirtschaftsstruktur; Unternehmenswachstum; Regionales Wachstum; Diversifikation;

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References

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  1. Jan Kluge & Robert Lehmann, 2012. "Marshall or Jacobs? Answers to an unsuitable question from an interaction model," Ifo Working Paper Series ifo Working Paper No. 124, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  2. Blien, Uwe & Suedekum, Jens & Wolf, Katja, 2006. "Local employment growth in West Germany: A dynamic panel approach," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 445-458, August.
  3. Annette Illy & Michael Schwartz & Christoph Hornych & Martin T.W. Rosenfeld, 2011. "Local Economic Structure And Sectoral Employment Growth In German Cities," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 102(5), pages 582-593, December.
  4. Glaeser, Edward L & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(6), pages 1126-52, December.
    • Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    • Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Beaudry, Catherine & Schiffauerova, Andrea, 2009. "Who's right, Marshall or Jacobs? The localization versus urbanization debate," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 318-337, March.
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