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The Economic Impact Of Bgh On The New York State Dairy Sector: Comparative Static Results

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  • Magrath, William B.
  • Tauer, Loren W.

Abstract

The price and quantity effects of a forthcoming biotechnology product, bovine growth hormone (bGH), are explored in a simple partial equilibrium model. The model is based on previous theoretical work on technological change but is developed in terms of a sector output. A particular output curve is estimated using data from a random sample of New York State dairy farms. Information on the farm level production effects of bGH is used to shift the output curve and to solve for equilibrium levels of price and output. The model projects the bGH may lead to the exit of 5,400 New York dairy farms and a 20 percent reduction in herd size. Consumers will benefit from an approximately 30 percent drop in milk price. The effect on gradual diffusion of bGH on farm numbers if considered. To accommodate this technology policies encouraging an orderly transfer of resources out of the dairy sector should be examined.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28882
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association in its journal Northeastern Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Volume (Year): 15 (1986)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:nejare:28882

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Web page: http://www.narea.org/
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Related research

Keywords: Livestock Production/Industries;

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  1. George, P.S. & King, Gordon A., 1971. "Consumer Demand for Food Commodities in the United States with Projections for 1980," Monographs, University of California, Davis, Giannini Foundation, number 11936.
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Cited by:
  1. Kaiser, Harry M., 1990. "Bovine Somatotropin and Milk Production: Potential Impacts for the U.S," Staff Papers 121538, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  2. Otero G, 1989. "Industry-university relationship and biotechnology in the dairy and sugar industries: contrast between Mexico and the United States," ILO Working Papers 265060, International Labour Organization.
  3. White, Gerald B., 1988. "Changing Conditions And Emerging Issues For Agricultural Production In The Northeast," Northeastern Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 17(2), October.

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