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The Global Sanctions Data Base: An Update that Includes the Years of the Trump Presidency


  • Kirilakha, Aleksandra

    (School of Economics)

  • Felbermayr, Gabriel

    (Kiel Institute & Kiel University)

  • Syropoulos, Constantinos

    (School of Economics)

  • Yalcin, Erdal

    (Konstanz University of Applied Science)

  • Yotov, Yoto

    (School of Economics)


We introduce and discuss 381 previously unrecorded sanction cases among which 75 emerged during 2016-2019, a period that coincides with the Trump presidency. These newly considered cases are included in the updated Global Sanctions Data Base (GSDB) of Felbermayr et al. (2020), thus raising the total of sanction cases recorded there to 1101. Our descriptive analysis reveals that a number of sanctions were lifted in 2016. However, in 2017 we witnessed a substantial increase in the deployment of new -- primarily `smart' (i.e., financial and travel) -- sanctions of which more than half were imposed by the United States. Moreover, we observed a significant rise in the number of sanctions aiming to `change' the policies of sanctioned states and to fight `terrorism'. Almost all sanctions initiated by the Trump administration are still in place, so assessment of their success remains open.

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  • Kirilakha, Aleksandra & Felbermayr, Gabriel & Syropoulos, Constantinos & Yalcin, Erdal & Yotov, Yoto, 2021. "The Global Sanctions Data Base: An Update that Includes the Years of the Trump Presidency," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2021-10, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, revised 15 Mar 2021.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:drxlwp:2021_010

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    Sanctions; the GSDB; Trump Administration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions

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