IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/iad/wpaper/0306.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Factores determinantes de la probabilidad de afiliación al sistema de pensiones en Bolivia

Author

Listed:
  • Oscar Molina Tejerina

    () (Universidad Privada Boliviana)

  • Fabián Soria Merino

Abstract

La reforma del sistema de pensiones boliviano transformó el esquema público de reparto en un sistema de capitalización individual, sin embargo, no planteó los incentivos para generar un proceso sostenible de afiliación, lo que generó que en la actualidad únicamente 4% de los afiliados al sistema de pensiones pertenezcan a la población independiente. En este trabajo se determinan las variables que condicionan el que un trabajador se afilie en forma activa en el sistema provisional, divididas por género, etnia y zona donde vive. Los resultados concuerdan parcialmente con trabajos previos en el área, donde las diferencias por género son menores en países en desarrollo (Barrientos, 1998 y Benavente y Molina, 2002) comparadas con aquellas encontradas para países desarrollados (Even and Macpherson 1994, Ginn and Harber, 1993). La explicación de las diferencias encontradas para el caso boliviano podrían responder a aspectos centrales de la actual coyuntura que vive el país, mostrando que la probabilidad de afiliación se encuentra alrededor del 2.4 %. En este estudio se proponen técnicas que eliminan los sesgos de autoselección, los mismos que corrigen los problemas derivados de los supuestos normalmente utilizados en estudios similares.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Molina Tejerina & Fabián Soria Merino, 2006. "Factores determinantes de la probabilidad de afiliación al sistema de pensiones en Bolivia," Investigación & Desarrollo 0306, Universidad Privada Boliviana, revised Mar 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:iad:wpaper:0306
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.upb.edu/RePEc/iad/wpaper/0306.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gabler, Siegfried & Laisney, Francois & Lechner, Michael, 1993. "Seminonparametric Estimation of Binary-Choice Models with an Application to Labor-Force Participation," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 11(1), pages 61-80, January.
    2. Pablo Antolín & Stefano Scarpetta, 1998. "Microeconometric Analysis of the Retirement Decision: Germany," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 204, OECD Publishing.
    3. Castel, Paulette & Fox, Louise, 2001. "Gender dimensions of pension reform in the Former Soviet Union," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2546, The World Bank.
    4. Bas van der Klaauw & Ruud H. Koning, 1996. "Some Applications of Semi-Nonparametric Maximum Likelihood Estimation," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 96-161/7, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Federico Escobar & Osvaldo Nina, 2004. "Pension Reform in Bolivia: A Review of Approach and Experience," Development Research Working Paper Series 04/2004, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
    6. Raffaele Miniaci, 1998. "Microeconometric Analysis of the Retirement Decision: Italy," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 205, OECD Publishing.
    7. Horowitz, Joel L, 1992. "A Smoothed Maximum Score Estimator for the Binary Response Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(3), pages 505-531, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Oscar Molina Tejerina & Sergio Bobka Calcina, 2016. "Comercio internacional y brechas salariales no explicadas por género: Evidencia para el sector agrícola en Bolivia," Investigación & Desarrollo 0416, Universidad Privada Boliviana, revised Jun 2016.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Calidad de Vida; Análisis de Componentes Principales; PRINQUAL;

    JEL classification:

    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iad:wpaper:0306. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ricardo Nogales C.). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ciupbbo.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.