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Transitional labour markets: Managing social risks over the lifecourse

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  • Schmid, Günther
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    Abstract

    Women and men increasingly face work-related critical events during their lifecourse and experience risks that are not fully covered by unemployment insurance or other work related insurances. Social risk management of transitional labour markets (TLMs) aims at supporting people in navigating risky transitions between various employment relationships or between unpaid (but nevertheless productive) work and gainful employment through social insurance, continuous education or training and employment services differentiated according to the type of risk. This essay outlines the theory of TLMs by starting with a critical review of the concept of flexicurity. It argues that the concept needs theoretical underpinning in order to avoid its arbitrary use for various political interests. It continues by developing the general principles and strategies of social risk management and provides examples on how to successfully manage social risks over the lifecourse in view of the ongoing process of revising the Lisbon strategy. The article ends by recommending the establishment of a worklife insurance consist-ing of three pillars: a universal basic income guarantee, the extension of unemployment insur-ance to employment insurance, supplemented by private or collectively bargained insurance systems. -- Frauen und Männer werden zunehmend mit erwerbsbezogenen kritischen Ereignissen im Lebenslauf konfrontiert. Dabei sind sie Risiken ausgesetzt, die weder durch die Arbeitslosen-versicherung noch durch andere erwerbsbezogene Sicherungssysteme abgedeckt sind. Das soziale Risikomanagement von Übergangsarbeitsmärkten zielt darauf ab, Erwerbspersonen dabei zu unterstützen, erfolgreich durch diese kritischen Übergänge zwischen verschiedenen Beschäftigungsverhältnissen oder zwischen unbezahlter (nichtsdestotrotz produktiver) und bezahlter Arbeit zu navigieren. Es entwickelt neue und nach Risiken differenzierte Formen sozialer Sicherung, beruflicher Weiterbildung und Arbeitsmarktdienstleistungen. Dieser Essay skizziert die Theorie der Übergangsarbeitsmärkte, indem er mit einer kritischen Betrachtung des Konzepts „Flexicurity“ beginnt. Er argumentiert, dass dieses Ansatz einer theoretischen Fundierung bedarf, um seine Verwendung für beliebige politische Zwecke zu vermeiden. Er fährt fort, die allgemeinen Prinzipien und Strategien sozialen Risikomanage-ments zu entwickeln und diese mit praktischen Beispielen unter dem Gesichtspunkt einer Re-vision der Lissabon-Strategie zu erläutern. Der Artikel endet mit der Empfehlung, eine Ar-beitslebensversicherung zu etablieren, die aus drei Säulen besteht: einer universellen Garantie des Mindesteinkommens, einer Erweiterung der Arbeitslosenersicherung zu einer Beschäfti-gungsversicherung, die durch private oder kollektivvertraglich ausgehandelte Versicherungen ergänzt wird.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2007-111.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2007111

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    1. repec:ilo:esbook:ebook7 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. David Metcalf, 2007. "Why Has the British National Minimum Wage Had Little or No Impact on Employment?," CEP Discussion Papers dp0781, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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    Cited by:
    1. Schmid, Günther & Modrack, Simone, 2008. "Employment dynamics in Germany: Lessons to be learned from the Hartz reforms," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2008-102, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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