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Location, location, location: The geography of innovation and knowledge spillovers

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  • Feldman, Maryann P.
  • Audretsch, David B.
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to integrate what has recently been learned about the location of innovative activity. There is considerable evidence that R&D spillovers exist, and that they are geographically bounded. The extent to which such knowledge externalities exist as well as the cost of transmitting such spillovers across geographic space is not the same across industries and clearly contributes for the propensity for innovative activity to cluster more in some industries than in others. -- Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, die jüngsten Forschungsergebnisse über den Standort von Innovationsaktivitäten zu integrieren. Es gibt beträchtliche empirische Evidenz darüber, daß F&E-Spillovers existieren und daß sie geographisch begrenzt sind. Der Umfang solcher Wissensexternalitäten als auch die Kosten der Übertragung derartiger Spillovers im geographischen Raum sind nicht für alle Industrien gleich. Dies führt zu einer unterschiedlichen Innovationsneigung, die in einigen Industrien zu einer stärkeren Clusterung führt als in anderen.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, various Research Units with number FS IV 96-28.

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    Date of creation: 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbdiv:fsiv9628

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    1. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," NBER Working Papers 3993, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
    4. Klepper, Steven, 1996. "Entry, Exit, Growth, and Innovation over the Product Life Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 562-83, June.
    5. David B. Audretsch, 1995. "Innovation and Industry Evolution," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011468, December.
    6. repec:fth:harver:1473 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Gort, Michael & Klepper, Steven, 1982. "Time Paths in the Diffusion of Product Innovations," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(367), pages 630-53, September.
    8. Eric von Hippel, 1994. ""Sticky Information" and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implications for Innovation," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 40(4), pages 429-439, April.
    9. Audretsch, David B & Stephan, Paula E, 1996. "Company-Scientist Locational Links: The Case of Biotechnology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 641-52, June.
    10. Steven Klepper & Elizabeth Graddy, 1990. "The Evolution of New Industries and the Determinants of Market Structure," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(1), pages 27-44, Spring.
    11. Zvi Griliches, 1990. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," NBER Working Papers 3301, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-70, December.
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