Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Competition intensity, potential competition and transaction cost economics

Contents:

Author Info

  • Busse, Matthias

Abstract

As the process of globalisation of the world economy progresses, the degree of international competition among enterprises increases as well. Yet not all industries or branches are affected to the same extent by this development. One of the most important factors which determine the degree of globalisation of an industry is the level of transaction costs. Whereas low transaction costs tend to result in globalised markets, high transaction costs induce segmented markets. Because they may also indicate the degree of potential competition, transaction costs can be of great importance for competition authorities in the case of corporate mergers and acquisitions. Heterogeneous consumer preferences and product differentiation, as two additional determinants of the degree of globalisation, however, limit the meaningfulness of this approach. In some cases, the precision of the measurement of transaction is also inaccurate. This methodology hence cannot be generalised, but does make more sense in particular cases. -- Mit der fortschreitenden Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft nimmt auch der Grad des internationalen Wettbewerbs zwischen den Unternehmen zu. Von dieser Entwicklung sind aber nicht alle Firmen im gleichen Ausmaß betroffen. Einer der wichtigsten Determinanten des Globalisierungsgrades einer Branche ist die Höhe der Transaktionskosten. Niedrige Transaktionskosten führen tendenziell zu globalisierten Märkten, hohe Transaktionskosten entsprechend zu segmentierten Märkten. Hinzu kommt, dass Transaktionskosten auch Auskunft über den Grad des potentiellen Wettbewerbs geben können. Damit erhalten Wettbewerbsbehörden einen wichtigen Indikator für die Beurteilung der räumlichen Marktabgrenzung, das heißt ob Unternehmen aus verschiedenen Ländern miteinander im Wettbewerb stehen. Hierbei sind jedoch mit heterogenen Präferenzen und Produktdifferenzierungen zwei weitere potentielle Einflussfaktoren auf den Grad der Globalisierung zu berücksichtigen. Zudem können Transaktionskosten nicht immer genau gemessen werden. Deshalb ist dieser Ansatz vielmehr in Einzelfällen sinnvoll anzuwenden und kann nicht verallgemeinert werden.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/19345/1/183.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 183.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26168

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Neuer Jungfernstieg 21, D-20347 Hamburg
Phone: 0049-40-42834-0
Fax: 0049-40-42834-451
Email:
Web page: http://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/20
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Transaction costs; potential competition; competition policy;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff & Ben Bernanke & Kenneth Rogoff, . "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is there a Common Cause?," Working Paper 32326, Harvard University OpenScholar.
  2. Helpman, E., 1998. "The Structure of Foreign Trade," Papers 18-98, Tel Aviv.
  3. Victor V Cordell, 1992. "Effects of Consumer Preferences for Foreign Sourced Products," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(2), pages 251-269, June.
  4. James E. Anderson & Douglas Marcouiller, 1999. "Trade, Insecurity, and Home Bias: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 7000, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. John Freebairn, 1995. "Competition Policy: Some Neglected Issues in the Hilmer Report," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 28(3), pages 27-42.
  6. Trefler, Daniel, 1995. "The Case of the Missing Trade and Other Mysteries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1029-46, December.
  7. Roy, Santanu & Viaene, Jean-Marie, 1998. "Preferences, Country Bias, and International Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 204-19, May.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26168. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.