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Transaktionskosten und Wettbewerbspolitik


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  • Busse, Matthias


Die Unternehmen stehen durch die fortschreitende Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft in einem zunehmend internationalen Wettbewerb, wovon jedoch nicht alle Branchen im gleichen Ausmaß erfasst werden. Determiniert wird der Globalisierungsgrad einer Branche vor allem durch die Höhe der Transaktionskosten. Niedrige Transaktionskosten führen tendenziell zu globalisierten Märkten, hohe Transaktionskosten zu segmentierten Märkten. Damit kommt den Transaktionskosten eine erhebliche Bedeutung im Falle von wettbewerbspolitischen Entscheidungen bei Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen zu, da sie Auskunft über die Höhe des potentiellen Wettbewerbs geben können. Jedoch sind mit heterogenen Konsumentenpräferenzen und Produktdifferenzierungen zwei weitere Determinanten zu beachten. Zudem sind die Transaktionskosten nur relativ ungenau zu berechnen, weshalb dieser Ansatz nicht allgemein gilt, sondern vielmehr im Einzelfall sinnvoll ist. -- The globalisation of the world economy increases international competition among companies. However, not all industries will be affected by the same extent. The degree of globalisation of an industry will be particularly influenced by the level of transaction costs. Low transaction costs will lead to globalised markets, high transaction costs to segmented markets. On the other hand, one has to consider heterogeneous consumer preferences and product differentiation as two additional factors of influence as well as the fact that transaction costs can only be roughly calculated. If these limitations are kept in mind, transaction costs could be of great importance for competition policy in determining the degree of international competition among firms.

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Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 116.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26144

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Keywords: Transaction costs; trade; competition policy;

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  1. Trefler, Daniel, 1995. "The Case of the Missing Trade and Other Mysteries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1029-46, December.
  2. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2001. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 339-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Helpman, E., 1998. "The Structure of Foreign Trade," Papers 18-98, Tel Aviv.
  4. James E. Anderson & Douglas Marcouiller, 1999. "Trade, Insecurity, and Home Bias: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 7000, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Victor V Cordell, 1992. "Effects of Consumer Preferences for Foreign Sourced Products," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(2), pages 251-269, June.
  6. Michael Daly & Hiroaki Kuwahara, 1998. "The Impact of the Uruguay Round on Tariff and Non-Tariff Barriers to Trade in the 'Quad'," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 207-234, 03.
  7. Amelung, Torsten, 1990. "Explaining regionalization of trade in Asia Pacific: A transaction cost approach," Kiel Working Papers 423, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  8. Roy, Santanu & Viaene, Jean-Marie, 1998. "Preferences, Country Bias, and International Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 204-19, May.
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