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Values that Shape Hierarchies: Group Culture and Individuals' Status in Organizations

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  • Sandra Spataro

    ()
    (School of Management)

  • Cameron Anderson

    ()
    (Northwestern University, Kellogg School of Management)

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    Abstract

    Many status theories propose a link between a group's values and its status hierarchy, whereby individuals who possess characteristics that embody group values are accorded higher status. We tested this idea in three organizations with different task- and social-orientations, relating Big Five personality traits to peer-rated informal status. As hypothesized, Conscientiousness better predicted status than Extraversion in a more task oriented organization, but Extraversion better predicted status in a more socially oriented organization; both traits predicted status in an organization equally task and socially oriented. Further, Neuroticism predicted lower status in a socially oriented group, where presumably, negative emotion was particularly disruptive to social relationships. Taken together, these findings provide the most direct evidence of a link between groups' values and their hierarchies.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Yale School of Management in its series Yale School of Management Working Papers with number ysm298.

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    Date of creation: 26 Aug 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:ysm:somwrk:ysm298

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    Web page: http://icf.som.yale.edu/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Status; Power; Personality; Group Values; Big Five; Hierarchy; Groups; Organizations; Organizational Culture;

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