Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The Gender Balance of Academic Economics in the UK


Author Info

  • Karen Mumford


Executive summary: Women make up approximately 30% of the research/PhD students, 15% of the lecturers, 10% of the readers/senior lecturers and 5% of the professors. Males in standard full-time academic jobs are twice as likely to be at a senior level (above lecturer) than women (46% compared to 23%). There are few part-time jobs in standard academia and these jobs are dominated by men. It will take some 10 years for the relative stock of female permanent lecturers to equal the proportion (27%) of women in the inflows to that grade. Inflows via new hires into the senior grades were not high enough to have a significant impact on the relative stocks of females at the more senior level. Research-only jobs make up 15% of all full-time academic jobs, most are fixed-term. Research-only jobs are dominated by males although to a lesser extent than occurs in standard full-time academic jobs (some 70% male). Women make up the majority of the very few part-time research-only jobs (26 of 48 jobs). Men are twice as likely to occur in senior level research-only jobs than women. Both men and women are twice as likely to be at senior levels if they work in standard academic jobs than in research-only jobs. There is little difference in the relative position of female academics between new universities, old universities, departments with 4 and above RAE rankings, and those ranked 3 or below. There are 329 women currently enrolled in full-time research/PhD degrees, there are 312 women currently employed full-time in academia. 30% of the PhD students are from the UK; 27% of the females and 32% of the males. Some 80% of the PhD students are enrolled in the 4 or 5 RAE ranked departments: this proportion is the same for males and females. The majority of recent PhD graduates have not taken employment in standard academic jobs in the UK - more so for women than men.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
File Function: Main text
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of York in its series Discussion Papers with number 97/21.

as in new window
Date of creation:
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:97/21

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Phone: (0)1904 323776
Fax: (0)1904 323759
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Gender; academic; economics; explanations;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.


Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Karen Mumford, . "Royal Economic Society Women’s Committee Survey on the Gender and Ethnic Balance of Academic Economics 2008," Discussion Papers 09/29, Department of Economics, University of York.
  2. Laura C. Blanco & Karen Mumford, . "Royal Economic Society Women’s Committee Survey on the Gender and Ethnic Balance of Academic Economics 2010," Discussion Papers 11/19, Department of Economics, University of York.
  3. L.C. Blanco & M. Mitka & K.Mumford & J. Roman, 2013. "The Gender Balance of Academic Economics 2012: Royal Economic Society Women’s Committee Survey," Discussion Papers 13/16, Department of Economics, University of York.
  4. repec:ese:iserwp:2002-04 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie E., 1999. "Your Everyday, Average Academic," IZA Discussion Papers 63, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).


This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:97/21. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Paul Hodgson).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.