Change Begets Change: Employment Effects of Technological and Non-Technological Innovations - a Comparison across Countries
AbstractThis paper attempts to shed new light on the effect innovation has on employment. Specifically, it identifies the net employment effects of technological product and process innovations as well as complementary non-technological organizational innovations which have so far mostly been bypassed in comparable analyses. The analysis applies the 4th Community Innovation Survey and determines and compares innovation-induced employment effects in both manufacturing and service sectors across three country-groups i) a set of Central and Eastern European transition countries, ii) a group of Southern EU member states as well as iii) a pool of Core EU member countries. The results reveal interesting differences across types of innovation, sectors or country-groups analysed. Particularly, in both manufacturing and service sectors of Central and Eastern European transition countries and Southern European countries, employment expands in response to the introduction of product novelties or process innovations only. Non-technological organizational innovations, on the other hand, had a detrimental effect on employment in the manufacturing sector of Central and Eastern European countries only. In contrast, employment in both manufacturing and service sectors of Core European countries only reacts to the introduction of new products but remains unaffected by the implementation of process or organizational innovations.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw in its series wiiw Working Papers with number 72.
Length: 23 pages including 3 Tables
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as wiiw Working Paper
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-03-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-CSE-2011-03-05 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-EUR-2011-03-05 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-TRA-2011-03-05 (Transition Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Van Reenen, John, 1997. "Employment and Technological Innovation: Evidence from U.K. Manufacturing Firms," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(2), pages 255-84, April.
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