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The impact of innovation on employment: firm- and industry-level evidence from Estonia

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  • Jaanika Meriküll

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the implication of innovation on employment at the firm and industry levels. The paper contributes to the literature in two respects. First, it proceeds from the data of a catch-up country undergoing a very rapid economic development. Most of the empirical investigations use data from developed and technologically leading countries. The second contribution concerns the nature of the data in use; we develop a unique database merging the data of the Estonian Commercial Register with two consecutive Estonian Community Innovation Surveys (CIS), the CISIII for 1998-2000 and CISIV for 2002-2004. Our results coincide with the results on developed economies in the respect that innovation activity has a positive effect on employment and that product innovation has a stronger and a more positive employment effect. Both of these effects are consistent over firm and industry levels. This result is also confirmed by the insignificance of the spillover effects of an industry\'s innovation on employment by firms

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    File URL: http://www.eestipank.info/pub/en/dokumendid/publikatsioonid/seeriad/uuringud/_2008/_1_2008/_wp_108.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Bank of Estonia in its series Bank of Estonia Working Papers with number 2008-01.

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    Date of creation: 30 Oct 2008
    Date of revision: 30 Oct 2008
    Handle: RePEc:eea:boewps:wp2008-1

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    Postal: Estonia bld. 13, 15095 Tallinn, ESTONIA
    Phone: +3726680719
    Fax: +3726680900
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    Web page: http://www.bankofestonia.info
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    Postal: Estonia bld. 13, 15095 Tallinn, ESTONIA
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    Keywords: innovation (technological change); employment; catch-up economy;

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    1. Smolny, Werner, 1998. "Innovations, Prices and Employment: A Theoretical Model and an Empirical Application for West German Manufacturing Firms," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pages 359-81, September.
    2. Fung, Michael K., 2006. "Are labor-saving technologies lowering employment in the banking industry?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 179-198, January.
    3. Tommaso Antonucci & Mario Pianta, 2002. "Employment Effects of Product and Process Innovation in Europe," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 295-307.
    4. Stefan Lachenmaier & Horst Rottmann, 2007. "Effects of Innovation on Employment: A Dynamic Panel Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 2015, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Pradhan, Jaya Prakash, 2005. "How Do Trade, Foreign Investment, and Technology Affect Employment Patterns in Organized Indian Manufacturing?," MPRA Paper 19010, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Toke Reichstein & Ammon Salter, 2006. "Investigating the sources of process innovation among UK manufacturing firms," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(4), pages 653-682, August.
    7. Van Reenen, John, 1997. "Employment and Technological Innovation: Evidence from U.K. Manufacturing Firms," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(2), pages 255-84, April.
    8. Nickell, Stephen J, 1981. "Biases in Dynamic Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1417-26, November.
    9. Jan Fagerberg, 2003. "Innovation: A Guide to the Literature," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20031012, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    10. Rupert Harrison & Jordi Jaumandreu & Jacques Mairesse & Bettina Peters, 2008. "Does Innovation Stimulate Employment? A Firm-Level Analysis Using Comparable Micro-Data from Four European Countries," NBER Working Papers 14216, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Steve J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1991. "Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction and Employment Reallocation," NBER Working Papers 3728, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Petri Rouvinen, 2002. "Characteristics of product and process innovators: some evidence from the Finnish innovation survey," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(9), pages 575-580.
    13. Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2003. "Innovation and Employment: Evidence from Italian Microdata," IZA Discussion Papers 730, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    14. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
    15. Evangelista, Rinaldo & Savona, Maria, 2003. "Innovation, employment and skills in services. Firm and sectoral evidence," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 449-474, December.
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