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Worker-Firm Matching and Unemployment in Transition to a Market Economy: (Why) Were the Czechs More Successful than Others?

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  • Daniel Munich
  • Jan Svejnar
  • Katherine Terrell

Abstract

Using panel district level data from the Czech and Slovak Republic in the 1990s, we find that the exceptionally low unemployment rate in the Czech Republic as compared to Slovakia and the other CEE economies has been brought about principally by the following phenomena in the Czech Republic: (1) a rapid increase in vacancies along with unemployment, resulting in a relatively balanced unemployment-vacancy situation at the aggregate as well as district level, (2) a major part played by vacancies and the newly unemployed in the outflow from unemployment, (3) a matching process with strongly increasing returns to scale throughout (rather than only in parts of) the transition period, and (4) ability to keep the long term unemployed at relatively low levels. Since until 1996 the Czech economy registered overall economic growth that was similar to that of the neighboring high unemployment economies (e.g., Hungary, Poland and Slovakia), the interesting question, to be addressed in future research, is whether the Czech Republic's favorable vacancy situation, coupled with its strong matching process, was brought about by a relatively high level of initial economic activity (better initial conditions) or a relatively delayed restructuring of firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number 107.

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Length: pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 1998
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Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:1998-107

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Cited by:
  1. Kenjiro Hori, 2005. "Job Matching with Multiple-Hiring Firms and Heterogeneous Workers: A Microfoundation," Birkbeck Working Papers in Economics and Finance 0514, Birkbeck, Department of Economics, Mathematics & Statistics.
  2. Aki Kangasharju & Jaakko Pehkonen & Sari Pekkala, 2003. "Matching in thin labour markets: panel data evidence from Finland, 1991-2002," ERSA conference papers ersa03p208, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Jeruzalski, Tomasz & Tyrowicz, Joanna, 2009. "(In)Efficiency of Matching - The Case of A Post-transition Economy," MPRA Paper 16598, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Jekaterina Dmitrijeva, 2008. "Matching and Labour Market Efficiency across Space and through EU accession: Evidence from Latvia, Estonia and Slovenia," Documents de recherche 08-05, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  5. Joanna Tyrowicz & Piotr Wojcik, 2010. "Active Labour Market Policies and Unemployment Convergence in Transition," Review of Economic Analysis, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, vol. 2(1), pages 46-72, January.
  6. Tito Boeri & Katherine Terrell, 2001. "Institutional Determinants of Labor Reallocation in Transition," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 384, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  7. Jekaterina Dmitrijeva & Mihails Hazans, 2005. "A stock-flow matching approach to evaluation of public training program in a high unemployment environment," Labor and Demography 0506007, EconWPA.
  8. Kamil Galušèák & Daniel Münich, 2007. "Structural and Cyclical Unemployment: What Can Be Derived from the Matching Function? (in English)," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 57(3-4), pages 102-125, June.
  9. Gerard Rpland, 2001. "The Political Economy of Transition," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 413, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  10. Aki Kangasharju & Jaakko Pehkonen & Sari Pekkala, 2005. "Returns to scale in a matching model: evidence from disaggregated panel data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(1), pages 115-118.
  11. Jan Babecky & Kamil Galuscak & Lubomir Lizal, 2012. "Firm-Level Labour Demand: Adjustment in Good Times and During the Crisis," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp468, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
  12. Kamil Galuscak & Daniel Munich, 2005. "Structural and Cyclical Unemployment: What Can We Derive from the Matching Function?," Working Papers 2005/02, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
  13. Tito Boeri, 1999. "Transition with Labour Supply," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 274, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.

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