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Sierra Leone's infrastructure : a continental perspective

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  • Pushak, Nataliya
  • Foster, Vivien
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    Abstract

    Infrastructure development in Sierra Leone contributed about half a percentage point to the economy's per capita growth rate in 2003-07. But if Sierra Leone could upgrade its infrastructure to the level of the best performer in Africa, per capita growth rates could be boosted by more than three percentage points. After nine years of peace, economic activity is flourishing at every level in Sierra Leone. But the 11-year civil war destroyed the country's infrastructure, and rebuilding the road network and ports while improving the electrical, water, and telecommunications infrastructure is proving difficult. Looking ahead, expanding electrification is a top priority because current access levels, at only 1-5 percent of the urban population and 0 percent in rural areas, are impeding other development. The water and sanitation sector faces similar challenges, as only 1 percent of the rural population has access to piped water. Sierra Leone has been spending about $134 million annually on infrastructure in recent years. About $66 million is lost each year to inefficiencies. Comparing spending needs against existing spending and potential efficiency gains leaves an annual funding gap of $59 to $278 million per year. If savings from greater efficiency could be fully captured, Sierra Leone would not meet its posited infrastructure targets for another 30 years. Sierra Leone needs to make difficult decisions about the prioritization of infrastructure investments and must think strategically about bundling and sequencing investments for maximum returns.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5713.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jun 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5713

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    Related research

    Keywords: Transport Economics Policy&Planning; Infrastructure Economics; Energy Production and Transportation; Town Water Supply and Sanitation; Public Sector Economics;

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    1. Yepes, Tito & Pierce, Justin & Foster, Vivien, 2009. "Making sense of Africa's infrastructure endowment : a benchmarking approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4912, The World Bank.
    2. Foster, Vivien & Steinbuks, Jevgenijs, 2009. "Paying the price for unreliable power supplies : in-house generation of electricity by firms in Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4913, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:
    1. Carolina Dominguez Torres, 2012. "The Future of Water in African Cities : Why Waste Water? Urban Access to Water Supply and Sanitation in Sub-Saharan Africa, Background Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12276, The World Bank.
    2. World Bank, 2012. "Reshaping Economic Geography of East Africa : From Regional to Global Integration (Vol. 1 of 2)," World Bank Other Operational Studies 11930, The World Bank.
    3. Zachary A. Kaplan & Peter Kyle & Chris Shugart & Alan Moody, 2012. "Developing Public-Private Partnerships in Liberia," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2244, January.

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