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The impact of regional liberalization and harmonization in road transport services : a focus on Zambia and lessons for landlocked countries

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  • Raballand, Gael
  • Kunaka, Charles
  • Giersing, Bo

Abstract

Based on a detailed empirical study, this paper argues that regional liberalization of trucking services has had an important effect on transport costs and tariffs for Zambia's economy. Zambia is a peculiar example in Southern Africa as it benefits from relatively low transport costs compared with other landlocked countries in Africa. This is mainly because of competition between Zambian and other regional, mainly South African, operators and because of South African investments in Zambia's trucking industry. As a result, the costs of operators registered in Zambia and South Africa are similar. The study also demonstrates that enhancing trucking interoperability in Southern Africa would significantly impact positively the Zambian trucking industry's competitiveness. The main measures to significantly increase trucking competitiveness in the region would more likely derive from reducing fuel costs in Zambia, improving border-post operations, and relaxing South African truck import rules.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4482.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4482

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Keywords: Transport Economics Policy&Planning; Rural Roads&Transport; Roads&Highways; Common Carriers Industry; Transport and Trade Logistics;

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  1. MacKellar, Landis & Woergoetter, Andreas & Woerz, Julia, 2000. "Economic Development Problems of Landlocked Countries," Transition Economics Series, Institute for Advanced Studies 14, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  2. David Kaplan, 2004. "Manufacturing in South Africa over the last decade: a review of industrial performance and policy," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 623-644.
  3. Arvis, Jean-Francois & Raballand, Gael & Marteau, Jean-Francois, 2007. "The cost of being landlocked : logistics costs and supply chain reliability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4258, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Monica Beuran & Marie Castaing Gachassin & Gaël Raballand, 2013. "Are There Myths on Road Impact and Transport in Sub-Saharan Africa?," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 13049, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  2. Borko Handjiski & Lazar Sestovic, 2011. "Barriers to Trade in Services in the CEFTA Region," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2337, August.

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