Indian women, health, and productivity
AbstractThe relationship between women's health and their (physical and economic) productivity is complex and multi-dimensional. It is characterized by"flows"in both directions and a host of intervening factors. Two simple statements summarize the major directional flows: (a) women's health affects their productivity; and (b) productivity affects women's health. In the latter case, women's own productivity, that of their households, and even that of larger units such as the local, regional or national economy may be implicated. Women's health is intricately linked with family health, and their productivity with family productivity and related characteristics. This paper documents the nature of these relationships, using available data on Indian women which relate to a variety of health indices, and construing"productivity"in the broadest possible way, including labor force participation, work output, income and so on. The overall purpose is to discuss women's health with the context of the need to improve both women's productivity and welfare. Women's health status, its determinants and consequences, are explored, leading ultimately to the identification of interventions required to improve it and thereby to improve women's productivity.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 442.
Date of creation: 31 Oct 1990
Date of revision:
Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Adolescent Health; Population&Development; Demographics; Early Child and Children's Health;
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- Emily Oster, 2006. "Does Increased Access Increase Equality? Gender and Child Health Investments in India," NBER Working Papers 12743, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Oster, Emily, 2009. "Does increased access increase equality? Gender and child health investments in India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 89(1), pages 62-76, May.
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