Sustaining urban growth through innovative capacity : Beijing and Shanghai in comparison
AbstractThe authors examine the diverse prospects of innovative sectors in Beijing and Shanghai using available indicators and data collected for this study through surveys. Beijing is the first choice for companies locating in China, but foreign employees prefer Shanghai for living convenience and cultural amenities. While Shanghai lags behind Beijing in knowledge creation and the generation of startup companies in the innovative sectors, it takes the lead in the commercialization of technological innovations and the development of creative cultural industries. The municipal authorities of Beijing and Shanghai have improved the innovation environment of the cities, but certain elements still stunt the growth of innovative industries, which cannot be removed easily. Three kinds of knowledge-intensive enterprises included in innovative sectors in the survey are high-tech manufacturers, knowledge-intensive business services, and creative content providers. The survey found that the clustering of the firms arose from the attraction of preferential policies and the purchase by governments or state-owned enterprises of information technology products. The survey shows that interaction among firms is inadequate in the knowledge-based industrial clusters in both Beijing and Shanghai. Hence, it may be some time before clustering leads to substantial gains in collective efficiency for innovative industry in Beijing and Shanghai.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3545.
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2005
Date of revision:
ICT Policy and Strategies; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Water and Industry; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-12-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2005-12-14 (China)
- NEP-DEV-2005-12-14 (Development)
- NEP-GEO-2005-12-14 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-INO-2005-12-14 (Innovation)
- NEP-TRA-2005-12-14 (Transition Economics)
- NEP-URE-2005-12-14 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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