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Community Reinvestment Act Enforcement and Targeted Mortgage Lending


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Significant disagreement exists as to whether the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) influences the lending behavior of financial institutions. We conduct empirical tests on the lending of banks directly affected by regulatory enforcement of the CRA those experiencing upgrades or downgrades in their CRA ratings to evaluate whether the ratings changes were associated with lending behavior. Results indicate that: 1) upgraded banks had higher relative levels of lending than did downgraded banks, which is consistent with a hypothesis that banks adjust lending to satisfy CRA requirements; 2) downgraded banks show little evidence of increased lending following a downgrade despite apparent incentives for them to do so in an attempt to improve their CRA ratings; and 3) both downgraded and upgraded banks increased lending following implementation of new CRA regulations intended to more closely align CRA ratings with actual lending outcomes.

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Paper provided by Utah State University, Department of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers with number 200806.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 14 Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uth:wpaper:200806

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Cited by:
  1. Neil Bhutta, 2008. "Giving credit where credit is due? the Community Reinvestment Act and mortgage lending in lower-income neighborhoods," Finance and Economics Discussion Series, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 2008-61, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).


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