Single Mothers, Social Capital, and Work-Family Conflict
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to examine work-family conflict among low-income, unmarried mothers. I examine how social capital affects work-family conflict and how both social capital and work-family conflict affect employment. I analyze the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national sample of non-marital births collected in 1998-2000 and 1999-2002. Results show that social capital reduces unmarried mothers' reports of work-family conflict, especially for low-income women. In addition, mothers who report high levels of work-family conflict are less likely to be employed; this pattern holds for women who are not looking for work as well as those who are. However, even at high levels of conflict, low-income women are more likely to be employed. The results suggest that work-family conflict has two consequences for unmarried women: it keeps them out of the labor force and makes it more difficult for women who want to work to maintain employment stability.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in its series Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles with number 05-118.
Date of creation: Jun 2005
Date of revision:
work-family; work; family; conflict; low-income; unmarried; mothers; social; capital;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
- H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
- I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-07-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-PBE-2005-07-03 (Public Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2005-07-03 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2005-07-03 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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