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Single Mothers, Social Capital, and Work-Family Conflict

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  • Teresa Ciabattari

    ()
    (Sonoma State University)

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to examine work-family conflict among low-income, unmarried mothers. I examine how social capital affects work-family conflict and how both social capital and work-family conflict affect employment. I analyze the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national sample of non-marital births collected in 1998-2000 and 1999-2002. Results show that social capital reduces unmarried mothers' reports of work-family conflict, especially for low-income women. In addition, mothers who report high levels of work-family conflict are less likely to be employed; this pattern holds for women who are not looking for work as well as those who are. However, even at high levels of conflict, low-income women are more likely to be employed. The results suggest that work-family conflict has two consequences for unmarried women: it keeps them out of the labor force and makes it more difficult for women who want to work to maintain employment stability.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in its series Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles with number 05-118.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:upj:weupjo:05-118

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    Keywords: work-family; work; family; conflict; low-income; unmarried; mothers; social; capital;

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    1. Marta Tienda & Jennifer Glass, 1985. "Household structure and labor force participation of black, hispanic, and white mothers," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 22(3), pages 381-394, August.
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