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Taxes and Labor Supply: Portugal, Europe, and the United States (Conference Version)

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  • Andre C. Silva

Abstract

I relate hours worked with taxes on consumption and labor. I propose a model and compare its predictions for Portugal, France, Spain, United Kingdom and United States. Hours per worker in Portugal decreased from 35.1 in 1986 to 32.6 in 2001. With only the parameters and the taxes for Portugal, the model predicts the hours worked in 2001 with an error of only 12 minutes from the actual hours. Across countries, most predictions differ from the data by one hour or less. The model is able to explain the trend in hours with only the changes in taxes. JEL codes:

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File URL: http://fesrvsd.fe.unl.pt/WPFEUNL/WP2012/Wp560.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia in its series FEUNL Working Paper Series with number wp560.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:unl:unlfep:wp560

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Keywords: labor supply; consumption tax; labor income tax;

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  1. Steven J. Davis & Magnus Henrekson, 2004. "Tax Effects on Work Activity, Industry Mix and Shadow Economy Size: Evidence from Rich-Country Comparisons," NBER Working Papers 10509, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Alesina, Alberto F & Glaeser, Edward L & Sacerdote, Bruce, 2005. "Work and Leisure in the US and Europe: Why So Different?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5140, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Edward C. Prescott, 2003. "Why do Americans work so much more than Europeans?," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 321, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  4. Olympia Bover & Pilar GarcĂ­a-Perea & Pedro Portugal, 2000. "Labour market outliers: Lessons from Portugal and Spain," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 15(31), pages 379-428, October.
  5. Pedro Portugal & Olivier Blanchard, 2001. "What Hides Behind an Unemployment Rate: Comparing Portuguese and U.S. Labor Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(1), pages 187-207, March.
  6. Douglas Gollin, 2001. "Getting Income Shares Right," Department of Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics, Williams College 2001-11, Department of Economics, Williams College.
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