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Analyse exploratoire d'un programme d'allocations-loyers en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale: comparaison internationale et évaluation budgétaire et économique selon trois scénarios


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  • Didier Baudewyns
  • Robert Plasman


Ce rapport de recherche a pour objet l’étude du coût budgétaire attendu et des effets économiques probables d’un programme ambitieux d’allocations-loyers en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale (RBC) selon 3 scénarios :(1) allocations-loyers versées à 5000 ménages demandeurs de logements sociaux ;(2) allocations-loyers pour les bénéficiaires du revenu d’intégration (R.I. ancien « minimex ») ;(3) allocations-loyers à tous les ménages les plus pauvres de la RBC (revenus inférieurs à la moitié du revenu médian en RBC). Comme dans d’autres pays, l’allocation couvrirait la différence entre un loyer plafond et un tiers du revenu environ. Cette étude est exploratoire puisque depuis la seconde guerre mondiale il n’y pas eu de système général d’allocation-loyer en Belgique. Les fourchettes du subside total calculées donnent néanmoins une idée de l’ordre de grandeur du coût budgétaire selon les différents scénarios. Celui-ci serait de l’ordre de 40 millions d’euros dans le scénario 1. Face au double constat d’un déficit excessif de l’offre de logements décents dans le segment « faibles revenus » à Bruxelles et de danger d’inflation des loyers, nous ne recommandons pas la mise en œuvre d’un programme d’allocations loyers dans cette ville. Avant d’y envisager une telle politique de stimulation de la demande, il faudrait d’abord accroître l’offre de logements sociaux et/ou subventionner la construction en général. L’idée est d’assainir d’abord la concurrence dans ce segment de marché (cf. les marchands de sommeil) et par là d’y stabiliser les prix.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/9181.

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Date of creation: Mar 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/9181

Note: Sponsorship: Région Bruxelles-Capitale
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  1. Stephen Gibbons & Alan Manning, 2003. "The incidence of UK housing benefit: evidence from the 1990s reforms," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 20011, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Steve Gibbons & Alan Manning, 2003. "The Incidence of UK Housing Benefit: Evidence from the 1990s Reforms," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0597, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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Cited by:
  1. Oscar Bernal Diaz & Kim Oosterlinck & Ariane Szafarz, 2008. "Observing bailout expectations during a total eclipse of the sun," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-015.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Pierre-Guillaume Méon & Ariane Szafarz, 2008. "Labour market discrimination as an agency cost," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-019.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Charles Plaigin, 2009. "Exploratory study on the presence of cultural and institutional growth spillovers," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 09-03.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.


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