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Los distritos industriales en la Europa Mediterránea: los mapas de Italia y España


Author Info

  • Rafael Boix

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)


El presente trabajo ofrece una comparación de los mapas de distritos industriales marshallianos de España e Italia, elaborados a partir de la metodología Sforzi - ISTAT (2006). Como principales similitudes se destaca que los distritos industriales son una realidad generalizada en ambos países y su importancia relativa es equivalente, se especializan principalmente en industria ligera y mecánica, y muestran una elevada concentración territorial. Como principales diferencias se destaca la mayor especialización relativa de los distritos industriales de España en productos para la casa e industria alimentaria, mientras que en Italia es superior la especialización relativa en industria mecánica, y en textil y confección; la menor dimensión de los distritos industriales españoles respecto de los italianos; y que los distritos industriales españoles tienen una dinámica positiva y superior a la del resto del país, mientras en Italia su dinámica negativa contrasta con la del resto de la economía.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wpdea0804.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0804

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Keywords: distritos industriales marshallianos; mercados locales de trabajo; pequeñas y medianas empresas;

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Cited by:
  1. Pablo Martí, Federico & Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria, 2010. "Spatial distribution of economic activities: an empirical approach usingself-organizing maps," Working Papers, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics 2072/148482, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
  2. Garcia Alvarez-Coque, Jose-Maria & Lopez-Garcia Usach, T. & Sanchez Garcia, M., 2012. "Territory and innovation behaviour in agri-food firms: does rurality matter?," 126th Seminar, June 27-29, 2012, Capri, Italy, European Association of Agricultural Economists 126030, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Federico Pablo-Marti & Josep Maria Arauzo-Carod, 2011. "Cluster Analysis using Microgreographic data," ERSA conference papers ersa11p284, European Regional Science Association.


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