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Gender Bias and Selection Bias in House Elections

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  • Jeffrey Milyo

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  • Samanth Schosberg

Abstract

We demonstrate that female incumbents are of higher average candidate quality than male incumbents. This quality difference is the result of barriers to entry faced by potential female candidates, although the observed effects of this quality differential on vote share are partially masked by the fact that female incumbents are also more likely to be opposed or to be opposed by high quality challengers. Using data from House elections for 1984-92, we estimate that the gender-based differential in candidate quality yields an extra six percentage points of vote share for female incumbents. Copyright 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Tufts University in its series Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University with number 9809.

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Date of creation: 1998
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Handle: RePEc:tuf:tuftec:9809

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Cited by:
  1. David Yu, 1998. "Rational Bubbles Under Diverse Information," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 9816, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  2. David Yu, 1998. "Two Equivalence Theorems For Government Finance," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 9817, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  3. Julio, Paulo & Tavares, José, 2010. "The Good, the Bad, and the Different: Can Gender Quotas Raise the Quality of Politicians?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7917, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Bonomy Genny & Brosio Giorgio & Di Tommaso Maria Laura, 2006. "How Italian electors react to gender quotas? A random utility model of voting behaviour," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 200609, University of Turin.

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