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Patent Protection of Pharmaceutical Products in the Globalising World Economy

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Author Info

  • Ants Kukrus

    ()
    (School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology)

  • Raul Kartus

    ()
    (School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology)

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    Abstract

    Patenting new products in pharmaceuticals industry is of greater importance than in the other high technology branches of industry nowadays. Concentration of manufacturing takes place in pharmaceuticals industry as well as in the other branches of industry and it is characterised by the joining of firms. However, there are several specific features in patenting pharmaceutical products. Enforcement of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) made it compulsory to establish in all World Trade Organization (WTO) Members patent protection on pharmaceutical products and their manufacturing methods as well as patent protection of drugs. WTO Doha Declaration is an essential stage in patent protection of pharmaceutical products establishing the legal basis and compulsory licensing system. In 2005, the European Commission completed the Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on compulsory licensing of patents relating to the manufacture of pharmaceutical products for export to countries with public health problems.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology in its series Working Papers with number 136.

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    Length: 28
    Date of creation: 2005
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Working Papers in Economics, School of Economics and Business Administration,Tallinn University of Technology (TUTWPE), Volume 17, Pages 57-84
    Handle: RePEc:ttu:wpaper:136

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    Related research

    Keywords: patent protection of pharmaceutical products; the TRIPS Agreement; the Doha Declaration; compulsory license; exclusive right; global economy;

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    1. Grabowski, Henry, 2002. "Patents, Innovation and Access to New Pharmaceuticals," Working Papers 02-28, Duke University, Department of Economics.
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