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International Return Migration and Remittances in the Philippines

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  • Edgard R. Rodriguez
  • Susan Horton

Abstract

This paper uses a rich series of data sets from the Philippines to examine the decisions to migrate and to remit for individuals. Section 1 uses existing published statistics for the aggregates for migrant stocks and flows, and for remittances. Section 2 compares the socioeconomic background of permanent migrants with that of temporary migrants, and that of non-migrants. We also compare the socio-economic background of migrants and return migrants. We then examine the characteristics of migrants who do and who do not send remittances, and the characteristics of households receiving remittances, and find that remittances tend to exacerbate inequality. Section 3 reviews domestic policy on return migration and remittances. Section 4 contains conclusions. The data sets used include the 1991 and 1992 Surveys of Overseas Workers, the 1988 National Demographic Survey, the 1991 Labour Force Survey, and the 1991 Family Income and Expenditure Survey.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Toronto, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number horton-95-01.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 10 Jul 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tor:tecipa:horton-95-01

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References

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  1. Goldfarb, Robert & Havrylyshyn, Oli & Mangum, Stephen, 1984. "Can remittances compensate for manpower outflows : The case of Philippine physicians," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1-3), pages 1-17.
  2. Amjad, Rashid, 1989. "Economic impact of migration to the Middle East on the major Asian labour sending countries - an overview," MPRA Paper 38134, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. DaVanzo, Julie, 1983. "Repeat Migration in the United States: Who Moves Back and Who Moves On?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(4), pages 552-59, November.
  4. Adams, Richard H, Jr, 1989. "Worker Remittances and Inequality in Rural Egypt," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(1), pages 45-71, October.
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Cited by:
  1. James Ted McDonald & M. Rebecca Valenzuela, 2009. "The Impact of Skill Mismatch among Migrants on Remittance Behaviour," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 242, McMaster University.
  2. repec:nbr:nberch:13368 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Elke Holst & Andrea Schäfer & Mechthild Schrooten, 2011. "Remittances and Gender: Theoretical Considerations and Empirical Evidence," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1099, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Michael M. Alba & Jessaine Soraya C. Sugui, 2011. "Motives and Giving Norms Behind Remittances: the Case of Filipino Overseas Workers and their Recipient Households," Working Papers PMMA 2011-06, PEP-PMMA.
  5. Riccardo Faini, 2006. "Remittances and the brain drain," Development Working Papers 214, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  6. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00318870 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Riccardo Faini, 2003. "The Brain Drain: an Unmitigated Blessing?," Development Working Papers 173, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  8. Quisumbing, Agnes R. & McNiven, Scott, 2005. "Migration and the rural-urban continuum: Evidence from the Rural Philippines," FCND discussion papers 197, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  9. Katherine Meckel, 2008. "Remittance behavior among new U.S. immigrants," Working Paper Series WP-08-19, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  10. Anzoategui, Diego & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Peria, Maria Soledad Martinez, 2011. "Remittances and financial inclusion : evidence from El Salvador," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5839, The World Bank.
  11. Jamal BOUOIYOUR & Amal MIFTAH, 2014. "Why do Migrants remit? An insightful Analysis for Moroccan Case," Working Papers 2013-2014_13, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Apr 2014.
  12. Naiditch, Claire & Vranceanu, Radu, 2009. "Migrant wages, remittances and recipient labour supply in a moral hazard model," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 60-82, March.
  13. McCormick, Barry & Wahba, Jackline, 2004. "Return International Migration and Geographical Inequality: The Case of Egypt," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  14. Aubrey D. Tabuga, 2007. "International Remittances and Household Expenditures : The Philippine Case," Development Economics Working Papers 22698, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  15. Barry McCormick & Jackline Wahba, 2003. "Return International Migration and Geographical Inequality: The Case of Egypt," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 12(4), pages 500-532, December.

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