Taxation, Unemployment and Growth: Dynamic Welfare Effects of "Green" Policies
AbstractThis paper analyses the effects of so-called "green" tax reforms on a small, open economy producing an imperfect substitute for foreign goods, using an intertemporal general equilibrium model. The labour market is characterised by union wage setting, and a fixed exchange rate implies wage rigidity and involuntary unemployment. The long run effects on instantaneous utility, employment and the stock of real and financial capital of a revenue neutral increase in the tax on fossil fuels combined with a) lump sum rebating or b) change in the labour income tax rate, are discussed. Due to the changes in instantaneous utility during the time path following the implementation of the tax reform, the total welfare effect may be positive even with a reduction in long run consumption. The total welfare effect is in general more positive (or less negative) with wage tax reduction than lump-sum rebating.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 183.
Date of creation: Nov 1996
Date of revision:
Dynamic equilibrium analysis; Unemployment; Environmental tax reforms.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
- D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
- D90 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice - - - General
- H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
- J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
- Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
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