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Habit Persistence in Consumption in a Sticky Price Model of the Business Cycle

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  • Michael Gail

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Abstract

This paper examines the role of habit persistence in consumption in explaining persistent responses of inflation and output to money growth shocks. A monetary stochastic dynamic general equilibrium (DGE) model with a money-in-the-utility-function (MIU-) setup is augmented by habit formation in consumption and evaluated for both Taylor and Calvo price staggering. It is shown that in the benchmark Taylor price staggering model consumption displays a persistent response while the volatility falls short empirical estimates. The reaction of most other aggregates including output, inflation and prices is counterfactually cyclical. Investment, labor hours and the real wage are too strongly correlated with output. In the benchmark Calvo price staggering model consumption is hump-shaped. Most variables are persistent and consumption shows a higher standard deviation. In sum, habit persistence in consumption improves the model outcome with respect to consumption's reaction while Calvo staggering improves the ability of a DGE model to explain persistent reactions of the other macroeconomic aggregates to money growth shocks.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universität Siegen, Fakultät Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Wirtschaftsinformatik und Wirtschaftsrecht in its series Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge with number 111-03.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2003
Date of revision: Jul 2004
Handle: RePEc:sie:siegen:111-03

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Keywords: Monetary Policy; New Neoclassical Synthesis; Sticky Prices; Persistency; Habit Persistence;

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References

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  1. Jeffrey C. Fuhrer, 2000. "Habit Formation in Consumption and Its Implications for Monetary-Policy Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 367-390, June.
  2. Ludger Linnemann, 1999. "Sectoral and aggregate estimates of the cyclical behavior of markups: Evidence from Germany," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(3), pages 480-500, September.
  3. Floden, Martin, 2000. "Endogenous monetary policy and the business cycle," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(8), pages 1409-1429, August.
  4. Michael Dotsey & Robert G. King & Alexander L. Wolman, 1997. "State-dependent pricing and the dynamics of business cycles," Working Paper 97-02, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
  5. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 1998. "Sticky price models of the business cycle: can the contract multiplier solve the persistence problem?," Staff Report 217, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  6. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Charles Evans, 2001. "Nominal Rigidities and the Dynamic Effects of a Shock to Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 8403, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. BOUAKEZ, Hafedh & CARDIA, Emanuela & RUGE-MURCIA, Francisco J., 2002. "Habit Formation and the Persistence of Monetary Shocks," Cahiers de recherche 2002-08, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  8. Patrick Fève & Fabrice Collard & Stéphane Auray, 2002. "Habit Persistence and Beliefs Based Liquidity Effect," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 5(2), pages 1-7.
  9. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1975. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 64, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
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  11. McCallum, Bennett T. & Nelson, Edward, 1998. "Nominal Income Targeting in an Open-Economy Optimizing Model," Seminar Papers 644, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  12. King, Robert G & Plosser, Charles I & Rebelo, Sergio T, 2002. "Production, Growth and Business Cycles: Technical Appendix," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 20(1-2), pages 87-116, October.
  13. Robert G. King & Alexander L. Wolman, 1996. "Inflation targeting in a St. Louis model of the 21st century," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 83-107.
  14. repec:nbr:nberre:0126 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. King, Robert G & Watson, Mark W, 1998. "The Solution of Singular Linear Difference Systems under Rational Expectations," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1015-26, November.
  16. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
  17. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:5:y:2002:i:2:p:1-7 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Rebelo, Sergio T., 1988. "Production, growth and business cycles : I. The basic neoclassical model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 195-232.
  19. Michael Dotsey & Robert G. King & Alexander L. Wolman, 1999. "State-Dependent Pricing And The General Equilibrium Dynamics Of Money And Output," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(2), pages 655-690, May.
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