The estimated general equilibrium effects of fiscal policy: the case of the euro area
AbstractWe reconsider the macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy in the context of a new-keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model. We assume that a fraction of the agents are non Ricardian and estimate the model parameters using Bayesian techniques. Our results show that the estimates of important parameters of the model differ depending on how detailed the fiscal policy is modelled. In particular, when we properly model distortionary taxes and take into account the fact that government expenditure is a composite aggregate (including consumption of goods and compensations for government employees), the estimated share of non Ricardian agents is significant and the model is able to replicate the widespread evidence that private consumption responds positively to government expenditure shocks. Previous papers, which mainly considered lump-sum taxes and treated government consumption as one single aggregate, obtained a smaller estimated share of non Ricardian households and no significant effect of government spending shocks on macroeconomic variables
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 with number 142.
Date of creation: 04 Jul 2006
Date of revision:
fiscal policy; rule-of-thumb consumers; distortionary taxation; bayesian estimation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
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- Marco Ratto & Werner Roeger & Jan in't Veld, 2007.
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- Ratto, Marco & Roeger, Werner & Veld, Jan in 't, 2009. "QUEST III: An estimated open-economy DSGE model of the euro area with fiscal and monetary policy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 222-233, January.
- Marco Ratto & Werner Roeger & Jan in 't Veld, 2008. "QUEST III: an estimated DSGE model of the euro area with fiscal and monetary policy," European Economy - Economic Papers 335, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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