The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Local Political Fragmentation in Africa
AbstractI examine the possibility that the trans-Atlantic slave trades influenced the political institutions of villages and towns in precolonial Africa. Using anthropological data, I show that villages and towns of ethnic groups with higher slave exports were more politically fragmented during the precolonial era. I use instrumental variables to show that the relationship is at least partly causal. I argue this fragmentation is important for relative economic development because it still influences political institutions today. I support this argument by using more contemporary data to show that areas with higher precolonial political fragmentation have a higher incidence of bribery.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economic Research Southern Africa in its series Working Papers with number 406.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2014
Date of revision:
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Trans-Atlantic; Slave trade; Poltical;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-02-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2014-02-02 (Development)
- NEP-GRO-2014-02-02 (Economic Growth)
- NEP-HIS-2014-02-02 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-INT-2014-02-02 (International Trade)
- NEP-POL-2014-02-02 (Positive Political Economics)
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