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Does Education Expenditure Promote Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia? An Econometric Analysis

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  • Ageli, Dr Mohammed Moosa

Abstract

This paper investigates the Keynesian Relations and Education Expenditure in Saudi Arabia during the period (1970-2012) for real Oil GDP and Non Oil GDP. Keynesian Relations investigated that fundamental economic growth is validity to the education growth. In the previous tudies have been tested the three versions of Keynesian Relations to support the existence of long-run relationship between education expenditure and economic growth. We used a method as a time series econometrics techniques to examine how far Keynesian Relations validity can be applied in Saudi economy. The results obtained from the analyses find that the Keynesian proposition can explain the growth of education in Saudi Arabia, which holds for both the Oil and Non Oil income cases. The findings also note that the existence of strong causality for all of Keynesian Relations versions in the long run.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 46673.

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Date of creation: 06 Apr 2013
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Publication status: Published in International Journal of Social Science Research 1.1(2013): pp. 1-10
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:46673

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Keywords: Keynesian Relations; Ordinary Least Square (OLS); Co integration; Granger Causality; Error Correction Model (ECM); Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF); Education Expenditure; Economic Growth; Saudi Arabia;

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  1. Robert J. Barro, 2001. "Human Capital and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 12-17, May.
  2. Abhijeet, Chandra, 2010. "Does Government Expenditure on Education Promote Economic Growth? An Econometric Analysis," MPRA Paper 25480, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Michas, Nicholas A, 1975. "Wagner's Law of Public Expenditures: What Is the Appropriate Measurement for a Valid Test?," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 30(1), pages 77-85.
  4. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
  5. Bagala Biswal & Urvashi Dhawan & Hooi-Yean Lee, 1999. "Testing Wagner versus Keynes using disaggregated public expenditure data for Canada," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(10), pages 1283-1291.
  6. Muthi Samudram & Mahendhiran Nair & Santha Vaithilingam, 2009. "Keynes and Wagner on government expenditures and economic development: the case of a developing economy," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 697-712, June.
  7. Chor Foon Tang, 2008. "Wagner’s Law versus Keynesian Hypothesis: New Evidence from Recursive Regression-Based Causality Approaches," The IUP Journal of Public Finance, IUP Publications, vol. 0(4), pages 29-38, November.
  8. Muthi Samudram & Mahendhiran Nair & Santha Vaithilingam, 2009. "Keynes and Wagner on government expenditures and economic development: the case of a developing economy," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 713-713, June.
  9. Granger, C. W. J., 1980. "Testing for causality : A personal viewpoint," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 329-352, May.
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