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L’impact de l’endettement sur la profitabilité: Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel
[The impact of debt on profitability: An empirical study on French data panel]

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  • Kebewar, mazen

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the effect of debt on the profitability. This impact can be explained by three essential theories: signaling theory, the agency costs theory and tax theory. The sample consists of a panel of 1,078 French firms, unlisted, anonymous type and Limited Liability Company; belonging to the construction sector over the period 1999-2006. We show, by using the generalized method of moments (GMM), that the debt affects negatively the profitability, not only linearly, but also, in a non-linear (concave) way. However, by detailing the analysis according to different class of size, we find that the linear negative effect and the non-linear effect are significant only in small and medium-sized enterprises (SME).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 42579.

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Date of creation: 12 Nov 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:42579

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Keywords: Debts; Profitability; panel data; GMM. Endettement; profitabilité; données de panel; MMG;

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References

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  1. Blundell, R. & Bond, S., 1995. "Initial Conditions and Moment Restrictions in Dynamic Panel Data Models," Economics Papers 104, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  2. Christopher F. Baum & Dorothea Schaefer & Oleksandr Talavera, 2007. "The Effects of Short-Term Liabilities on Profitability: The Case of Germany," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2006 61, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  3. Laurent Weill, 2008. "Leverage and Corporate Performance: Does Institutional Environment Matter?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 251-265, March.
  4. Mazen Kebewar, 2012. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité : Une étude empirique sur données de panel françaises," Working Papers hal-00751212, HAL.
  5. Berger, Allen N. & Bonaccorsi di Patti, Emilia, 2006. "Capital structure and firm performance: A new approach to testing agency theory and an application to the banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 1065-1102, April.
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  8. Mazen Kebewar, 2012. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité : Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel," Working Papers halshs-00826530, HAL.
  9. Kebewar, Mazen, 2012. "L’impact de l’endettement sur la profitabilité. Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel," EconStor Preprints 73692, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
  10. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
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  12. Francesco Nucci & Alberto F. Pozzolo & Fabiano Schivardi, 2005. "Is Firm's Productivity Related to its Financial Structure? Evidence from Microeconomic Data," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 95(1), pages 269-290, January-F.
  13. Marc Deloof, 2003. "Does Working Capital Management Affect Profitability of Belgian Firms?," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(3-4), pages 573-588.
  14. David Roodman, 2009. "How to do xtabond2: An introduction to difference and system GMM in Stata," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 9(1), pages 86-136, March.
  15. Christopher F. Baum & Dorothea Schäfer & Oleksandr Talavera, 2006. "The Effects of Short-Term Liabilities on Profitability: A Comparison of German and US Firms," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 636, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 14 Apr 2007.
  16. Margaritis, Dimitris & Psillaki, Maria, 2010. "Capital structure, equity ownership and firm performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 621-632, March.
  17. Majumdar, Sumit K & Chhibber, Pradeep, 1999. " Capital Structure and Performance: Evidence from a Transition Economy on an Aspect of Corporate Governance," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 98(3-4), pages 287-305, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mazen Kebewar & Ahmed Shah Syed Muhammad Noaman, 2013. "The effect of debt on corporate profitability Evidence from French service sector," Working Papers halshs-00825178, HAL.
  2. Kebewar, mazen, 2012. "L’impact de l’endettement sur la profitabilité: Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel
    [The impact of debt on profitability: An empirical study on French data panel]
    ," MPRA Paper 42579, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Kebewar, Mazen, 2013. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité: le cas des entreprises industrielles françaises," EconStor Preprints 73188, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
  4. Mazen Kebewar, 2012. "L'Endettement Affecte-T-Il La Profitabilité? Le Cas Des Firmes Agro-Alimentaires Françaises," Working Papers halshs-00756972, HAL.
  5. Kebewar, mazen & SHAH, Syed Muhammad Noaman Ahmed, 2012. "The effect of debt on corporate profitability: Evidence from French service sector," MPRA Paper 43304, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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