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L'Impact De L'Endettement Sur La Profitabilité Une Étude Empirique Sur Données Françaises En Panel

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  • Mazen Kebewar

    ()
    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS : UMR7322 - Université d'Orléans)

Abstract

Cet article a pour objectif d'analyser l effet de l'endettement sur la profitabilité. Cet effet peut être expliqué par trois théories essentielles: la théorie du signal, la théorie de l'agence et l'influence de la fiscalité. L'échantillon se compose d'un panel de 1078 entreprises françaises, non cotées, de type anonymes et de SARL, appartenant au secteur de la construction sur la période 1999-2006. Nous montrons, en utilisant la méthode des moments généralisée (MMG), que l'endettement affecte négativement la profitabilité, non seulement linéairement, mais aussi, de façon non linéaire (concave). Cependant, en détaillant l'analyse selon différentes classe de taille, nous constatons que l'effet négatif linéaire et l'effet non linéaire ne sont significatifs que dans les petites et moyennes entreprises (PME).

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File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/74/96/85/PDF/La_IMPACT_DE_La_ENDETTEMENT_SUR_LA_PROFITABILITE_UNE_ETUDE_EMPIRIQUE_SUR_DONNEES_FRANA_AISES_EN_PANEL.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00749685.

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Date of creation: 08 Nov 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00749685

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Keywords: Endettement; profitabilité; données de panel; MMG;

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References

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  1. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
  2. Kebewar, Mazen, 2012. "L’impact de l’endettement sur la profitabilité. Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel," EconStor Preprints 73692, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
  3. Mazen Kebewar, 2012. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité : Une étude empirique sur données de panel françaises," Working Papers hal-00751212, HAL.
  4. Kebewar, Mazen, 2012. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité : Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel," EconStor Preprints 73559, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
  5. Berger, Allen N. & Bonaccorsi di Patti, Emilia, 2006. "Capital structure and firm performance: A new approach to testing agency theory and an application to the banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 1065-1102, April.
  6. Christopher F. Baum & Dorothea Schaefer & Oleksandr Talavera, 2007. "The Effects of Short-Term Liabilities on Profitability: The Case of Germany," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2006 61, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  7. Christopher F. Baum & Dorothea Schäfer & Oleksandr Talavera, 2006. "The Effects of Short-Term Liabilities on Profitability: A Comparison of German and US Firms," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 636, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 14 Apr 2007.
  8. Charles P. Himmelberg & R. Glenn Hubbard & Darius Palia, 2000. "Understanding the Determinants of Managerial Ownership and the Link Between Ownership and Performance," NBER Working Papers 7209, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Majumdar, Sumit K & Chhibber, Pradeep, 1999. " Capital Structure and Performance: Evidence from a Transition Economy on an Aspect of Corporate Governance," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 98(3-4), pages 287-305, March.
  10. Dimitris Margaritis & Maria Psillaki, 2007. "Capital Structure and Firm Efficiency," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(9-10), pages 1447-1469.
  11. Francesco Nucci & Alberto F. Pozzolo & Fabiano Schivardi, 2005. "Is Firm's Productivity Related to its Financial Structure? Evidence from Microeconomic Data," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 95(1), pages 269-290, January-F.
  12. Paulo J. Ma��s Nunes & Zélia M. Serrasqueiro & Tiago N. Sequeira, 2007. "Profitability in Portuguese service industries: a panel data approach," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(5), pages 693-707, May.
  13. Richard Blundell & Steve Bond, 1995. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," IFS Working Papers W95/17, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  14. Margaritis, Dimitris & Psillaki, Maria, 2010. "Capital structure, equity ownership and firm performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 621-632, March.
  15. David Roodman, 2006. "How to Do xtabond2: An Introduction to "Difference" and "System" GMM in Stata," Working Papers 103, Center for Global Development.
  16. Laurent Weill, 2008. "Leverage and Corporate Performance: Does Institutional Environment Matter?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 251-265, March.
  17. Marc Deloof, 2003. "Does Working Capital Management Affect Profitability of Belgian Firms?," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(3-4), pages 573-588.
  18. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kebewar, Mazen, 2012. "L’impact de l’endettement sur la profitabilité. Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel," EconStor Preprints 73692, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
  2. Mazen Kebewar, 2012. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité : Le cas des entreprises industrielles françaises," Working Papers halshs-00758410, HAL.
  3. Kebewar, Mazen, 2012. "L’endettement affecte-t-il la profitabilité? Le cas des firmes agro-alimentaires françaises," EconStor Preprints 73691, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
  4. Mazen Kebewar & Ahmed Shah Syed Muhammad Noaman, 2013. "The effect of debt on corporate profitability Evidence from French service sector," Working Papers halshs-00825178, HAL.
  5. Kebewar, mazen & SHAH, Syed Muhammad Noaman Ahmed, 2012. "The effect of debt on corporate profitability: Evidence from French service sector," MPRA Paper 43304, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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