Understanding international crime trends: The legacy of preschool lead exposure
AbstractThis study shows a very strong association between preschool blood lead and subsequent crime rate trends over several decades in the USA, Britain, Canada, France, Australia, Finland, Italy, West Germany, and New Zealand. The relationship is characterized by best-fit lags (highest R2 and t-value for blood lead) consistent with neurobehavioral damage in the first year of life and the peak age of offending for index crime, burglary, and violent crime. The impact of blood lead is also evident in age-specific arrest and incarceration trends. Regression analysis of average 1985-1994 murder rates across USA cities suggests that murder could be especially associated with more severe cases of childhood lead poisoning.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 35338.
Date of creation: 15 Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Environmental Research 3.104(2007): pp. 315-336
Lead Poisoning; Crime; IQ; Behavior; Violence;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- K32 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
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