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Educación, experiencia y especialización manufacturera en la frontera norte de México
[Schooling, experience and manufacturing specialization along the northern border of Mexico]

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  • Mendoza, Jorge Eduardo

Abstract

With the establishment of the North American Free Trade Agreement (TLCAN) the northern region manufacturing sector of Mexico exhibited a fast growth during the nineties. This paper seeks to estimate the effects of schooling, labor experience and specialization on labor maquiladora income in the cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez. A weighted LS model was established, using labor earning as the dependent variable, and experience schooling and specialization as the explanatory variables. The results showed that in the northern cities both schooling and experience resulted in higher labor income, particularly in intensive capital and technological industries. The coefficient of specialization was higher in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez than in the rest of the cities included.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 2811.

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Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision: 04 Apr 2002
Publication status: Published in Comercio Exterior no. 4.Vol. 5(2002): pp. 300-308
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:2811

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Related research

Keywords: Manufacturing sector; maquiladora industry; labor returns to schooling;

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References

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  1. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
  2. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S71-102, October.
  3. Mankiw, N Gregory & Romer, David & Weil, David N, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-37, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Moises J Schwartz & Xie Ping & Y Venugopal Reddy, 2002. "Discussion of 'China as a Window to the World: Trade Openness, Living Standards and Income Inequality' and 'Towards an Indian Approach to Globalisation'," RBA Annual Conference Volume, Reserve Bank of Australia, in: David Gruen & Terry O'Brien & Jeremy Lawson (ed.), Globalisation, Living Standards and Inequality: Recent Progress and Continuing Challenges Reserve Bank of Australia.
  2. F. Javier TRIVEZ & Angel Mauricio REYES & F. Javier ALIAGA, 2009. "MEXICAN MAQUILA INDUSTRY OUTLOOK. A Quantitative Space-Time Analysis," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(1).

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