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Gender, social capital and empowerment in northern Ethiopia

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  • Nega, Fredu
  • Mathijs, Erik
  • Deckers, Josef
  • Tollens, Eric

Abstract

This paper investigates the interactions between gender, social capital and empowerment in the rural areas of northern Ethiopia. We define empowerment narrowly as the power of households to make important decisions that change their course of life. Depending on the degree of control over decisions, the response of households is classified into passive, active and full control. A multinomial logit model is used to analyze empowerment levels of the rural households, first for the full sample of households and then for male headed and female headed households separately. Findings indicate that social capital, measured by the number of local associations a household is a member of, is an important factor in empowerment, but with significant gender differences. Social capital is significant for male headed households but not for female headed households; for the latter, education and access to credit are the strongest determinants of empowerment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 24629.

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Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision: 2010
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:24629

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Keywords: Empowerment; Gender; Social capital; Ethiopia;

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  1. Mansuri, Ghazala & Rao, Vijayendra, 2004. "Community-based (and driven) development : A critical review," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 3209, The World Bank.
  2. John Maluccio & Lawrence Haddad & Julian May, 2000. "Social capital and household welfare in South Africa, 1993-98," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 54-81.
  3. Woolcock, Michael & Narayan, Deepa, 2000. "Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory, Research, and Policy," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 15(2), pages 225-49, August.
  4. J. Scott Long & Jeremy Freese, 2006. "Regression Models for Categorical Dependent Variables using Stata, 2nd Edition," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, StataCorp LP, edition 2, number long2, March.
  5. Narayan, Deepa & Pritchett, Lant, 1997. "Cents and sociability : household income and social capital in rural Tanzania," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1796, The World Bank.
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